Inhibition of type III radio emissions due to the interaction between two electron beams: Observations and simulations

Abstract : We report the peculiar interaction of two type III bursts observed in the solar wind. As electron beams propagating on the same magnetic field lines cross, a spectacular depletion of the type III radio emission is observed. We combine observations from the WAVES experiment on board the STEREO mission together with kinetic plasma simulations to study the extinction of type III radio emission resulting from the interaction between two electron beams. The remote observations enable to follow the electron beams in the interplanetary medium and show that the level of radiated radio waves is recovered after the beam crossing. The in situ observations of beam-driven Langmuir waves give evidence for Langmuir decay. The density fluctuations are extracted from in situ observations. The velocity of the beams is independently evaluated from in situ observations of decaying Langmuir waves and remote radio observations. The kinetic simulations show that the level of beam-driven Langmuir waves is reduced as the two beams cross. We show that the slow beam induced a strong reduction of the quasilinear relaxation of the fast beam, limiting the amplitude of the generated Langmuir waves. Moreover, in the case of two electron beams, the lack of Langmuir wave coherence reduces the efficiency of the Langmuir parametric decay. We thus conclude that the observed depletion of the type III radio emission is independent of the radio emission mechanism, as long as it depends on the Langmuir amplitude and coherence.
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C Briand, Pierre Henri, S Hoang. Inhibition of type III radio emissions due to the interaction between two electron beams: Observations and simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics, American Geophysical Union/Wiley, 2014, 119, pp.2365-2378. ⟨10.1002/2013JA019688⟩. ⟨insu-01174014⟩

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