Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers

P. Schellart 1 T. n. g. Trinh 2 S. Buitink 1 A. Corstanje 1 J. e. Enriquez 1 H. Falcke 3, 1, 4, 5 J. r. Hörandel 1, 5 A. Nelles 1 J. p. Rachen 1 L. Rossetto 1 O. Scholten 6, 2 S. ter Veen 3, 1 S. Thoudam 1 U. Ebert 7 C. Koehn 7 C. Rutjes 7 A. Alexov 8 J. m. Anderson 9 I. m. Avruch 10 M. j. Bentum 3 G. Bernardi 11 P. Best 12 A. Bonafede 13 F. Breitling 14 J. w. Broderick 15, 16 M. Brüggen 17 H. r. Butcher 18 B. Ciardi 19 E. de Geus 3 M. de Vos 3 S. Duscha 3 J. Eislöffel 20 R. a. Fallows 3 W. Frieswijk 3 M. a. Garrett 3 Jean-Mathias Grießmeier 21, 22 A. w. Gunst 3 G. Heald 3 J. w. t. Hessels 3 M. Hoeft 20 H. a. Holties 3 E. Juette 23 V. i. Kondratiev 3 M. Kuniyoshi 24 G. Kuper 3 G. Mann 14 R. Mcfadden 3 D. Mckay-Bukowski 25 J. p. Mckean 3 M. Mevius 3 J. Moldon 3 M. j. Norden 3 E. Orru 3 H. Paas 26 M. Pandey-Pommier 27 R. Pizzo 3 A. g. Polatidis 3 W. Reich 4 H. Röttgering 28 A. m. m. Scaife 16 D. j. Schwarz 29 M. Serylak 15 O. Smirnov 30 M. Steinmetz 14 J. Swinbank 31 Michel Tagger 22 C. Tasse 32 M. c. Toribio 3 R. j. van Weeren 10 R. Vermeulen 3 C. Vocks 14 M. w. Wise 3 O. Wucknitz 4 P. Zarka 32
Abstract : We present measurements of radio emission from cosmic ray air showers that took place during thunderstorms. The intensity and polarization patterns of these air showers are radically different from those measured during fair-weather conditions. With the use of a simple two-layer model for the atmospheric electric field, these patterns can be well reproduced by state-of-the-art simulation codes. This in turn provides a novel way to study atmospheric electric fields.
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P. Schellart, T. n. g. Trinh, S. Buitink, A. Corstanje, J. e. Enriquez, et al.. Probing Atmospheric Electric Fields in Thunderstorms through Radio Emission from Cosmic-Ray-Induced Air Showers. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2015, 114 (165001), 6 p. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.165001⟩. ⟨insu-01170445⟩

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