Prototype of the gas chromatograph–mass spectrometer to investigate volatile species in the lunar soil for the Luna-Resurs mission

Abstract : In preparation for the Russian Luna-Resurs mission we combined our compact time-of-flight mass spectrometer (TOF-MS) with a chemical pre-separation of the species by gas chromatography (GC). Coupled measurements with both instruments were successfully performed with the prototype of the mass spectrometer and a flight-like gas chromatograph. The system was tested with two test gas mixtures, a mixture of hydrocarbons and a mixture of noble gases. Due to its capability to record mass spectra over the full mass range at once with high sensitivity and a dynamic range of up to 106 within 1 s, the TOF-MS system is a valuable extension of the GC analytical system. Based on the measurements with calibration gases performed with the combined GC–MS prototype and under assumption of mean characteristics for the Moon's regolith, the detection limit for volatile species in a soil sample is estimated to 2·10−10 by mass for hydrocarbons and 2·10−9 by mass for noble gases.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 13, 2015 - 10:00:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 4, 2019 - 1:52:05 PM

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L. Hofer, P. Wurz, Arnaud Buch, Michel Cabane, Patrice Coll, et al.. Prototype of the gas chromatograph–mass spectrometer to investigate volatile species in the lunar soil for the Luna-Resurs mission. Planetary and Space Science, Elsevier, 2015, 111, pp.126-133. ⟨10.1016/j.pss.2015.03.027⟩. ⟨insu-01141469⟩

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