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Global Boundary Lines of N2O and CH4 Emission in Peatlands

Abstract : Predicting N2O (nitrous oxide) and CH4 (methane) emissions from peatlands is challenging because of the complex coaction of biogeochemical factors. This study uses data from a global soil and gas sampling campaign. The objective is to analyse N2O and CH4 emissions in terms of peat physical and chemical conditions. Our study areas were evenly distributed across the A, C and D climates of the Köppen classification. Gas measurements using static chambers, groundwater analysis and gas and peat sampling for further laboratory analysis have been conducted in 13 regions evenly distributed across the globe. In each study area at least two study sites were established. Each site featured at least three sampling plots, three replicate chambers and corresponding soil pits and one observation well per plot. Gas emissions were measured during 2–3 days in at least three sessions. A log-log linear function limits N2O emissions in relation to soil TIN (total inorganic nitrogen). The boundary line of N2O in terms of soil temperature is semilog linear. The closest representation of the relationship between N2O and soil moisture is a local regression curve with its optimum at 60–70 %. Semilog linear upper boundaries describe the effects of soil moisture and soil temperature to CH4 best. The global N2O boundary lines revealed a striking similarity with the Southern German N2O boundary lines, as well as with analogous scattergrams for Europe (Couwenberg et al. 2011) and Southern Queensland (Wang and Dalal 2010). This suggests that local rather than global conditions determine land-use-based greenhouse gas emissions. Further work will analyse relationships between the environmental factors and the spatial distribution of the main functional genes nirS, nirK and nosZ regulating the denitrification process in the soil samples currently stored in fridge at −18°. An additional analysis will study the relationships between the intensity of CH4 emissions and methanogenesis-regulating functional genes mcrA, pmoA and dsrAB.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 5, 2015 - 11:37:18 AM
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Jaan Pärn, Anto Aasa, Sergey Egorov, Ilya Filippov, Geofrey Gabiri, et al.. Global Boundary Lines of N2O and CH4 Emission in Peatlands. The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape, Chapitre 7, Springer International Publishing, pp.87-102, 2015, 978-3-319-08176-2. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-08177-9_7⟩. ⟨insu-01123645⟩



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