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Interactions between natural organic matter, sulfur, arsenic and iron oxides in re-oxidation compounds within riparian wetlands: NanoSIMS and X-ray adsorption spectroscopy evidences

Abstract : Arsenic (As) is a toxic and ubiquitous element which can be responsible for severe health problems. Recently, Nano-scale Secondary IonsMass Spectrometry (nanoSIMS) analysis has been used to map organomineral assemblages. Here,we present a method adapted fromBelzile et al. (1989) to collect freshly precipitated compounds of the re-oxidation period in a natural wetland environment using a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) sheet scavenger. This method provides information on the bulk samples and on the specific interactions between metals (i.e. As) and the natural organic matter (NOM). Our method allows producing nanoSIMS imaging on natural colloid precipitates, including 75As−, 56Fe16O−, sulfur (32S−) and organic matter (12C14N) and to measure X-ray adsorption of sulfur (S) K-edge. A first statistical treatment on the nanoSIMSimages highlights two main colocalizations: (1) 12C14N−, 32S−, 56Fe16O− and 75As−, and (2) 12C14N−, 32S− and 75As−. Principal component analyses (PCAs) support the importance of sulfur in the two main colocalizations firstly evidenced. The first component explains 70% of the variance in the distribution of the elements and is highly correlated with the presence of 32S−. The second component explains 20% of the variance and is highly correlated with the presence of 12C14N−. The X-ray adsorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES) on sulfur speciation provides a quantification of the organic (55%) and inorganic (45%) sulfur compositions. The co-existence of reduced and oxidized S forms might be attributed to a slow NOM kinetic oxidation process. Thus, a direct interaction between As and NOM through sulfur groups might be possible.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01117863
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 18, 2015 - 9:45:53 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 18, 2020 - 6:10:04 PM

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Maya Al-Sid-Cheikh, Mathieu Pédrot, Aline Dia, Hélène Guénet, D. Vantelon, et al.. Interactions between natural organic matter, sulfur, arsenic and iron oxides in re-oxidation compounds within riparian wetlands: NanoSIMS and X-ray adsorption spectroscopy evidences. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2015, 515-516, pp.118-128. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.02.047⟩. ⟨insu-01117863⟩

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