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The oldest rock of Ivory Coast

Abstract : The tonalitic gneiss of Balmer (TGB), in the SASCA area of south-western Ivory Coast, previously dated at 3141 ± 2 Ma using the single zircon evaporation method, is regarded as a relic of Archean rock within the Paleoproterozoic (Birimian) formation of the West African Craton (WAC). We present new geochronological data for the TGB using the laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) method. We obtain a U–Pb age of 3207 ± 7 Ma for abundant zircons extracted from the tonalitic gneiss, and interpret this age as that of the magmatic protolith because of the igneous-type homogeneous zircon population. Certain magmatic zircon edges and some round zircons define an upper intercept age of 3155 ± 17 Ma which could represent overgrowths during gneissification. It appears that the TGB was not affected by the events posterior to its genesis, i.e. the Liberian (2.9–2.7 Ga) and Eburnean (2.4–2.0 Ga) events. Additionally, the TGB proves to be a juvenile Leonian rock, as indicated by the Nd model age of 3456 Ma, and could also constitute the protolith of the granulitic grey gneisses and charnockites of the Man area, which are 150–400 Ma younger.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01111997
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Submitted on : Monday, February 2, 2015 - 9:16:04 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 4, 2020 - 9:04:04 AM

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Alain Nicaise Kouamelan, S.C. Djiro, Marc Allialy, Jean-Louis Paquette, Jean-Jacques Peucat. The oldest rock of Ivory Coast. Journal of African Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2015, 103, pp.65-70. ⟨10.1016/j.jafrearsci.2014.12.004⟩. ⟨insu-01111997⟩

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