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MAGMA FLOW PATTERN IN DYKES OF THE AZORES REVEALED BY ANISOTROPY OF MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY

Abstract : The localization of magma melting areas at the lithosphere bottom in extensional volcanic domains is poorly understood. Large polygenetic volcanoes of long duration and their associated magma chambers suggest that melting at depth may be focused at specific points within the mantle. To validate the hypothesis that the magma feeding a mafic crust, comes from permanent localized crustal reservoirs, it is necessary to map the fossilized magma flow within the crustal planar intrusions. Using the AMS, we obtain magmatic flow vectors from 34 alkaline basaltic dykes from São Jorge, São Miguel and Santa Maria islands in the Azores Archipelago, a hot-spot related triple junction. The dykes contain titanomagnetite showing a wide spectrum of solid solution ranging from Ti-rich to Ti-poor compositions with vestiges of maghemitization. Most of the dykes exhibit a normal magnetic fabric. The orientation of the magnetic lineation k1 axis is more variable than that of the k3 axis, which is generally well grouped. The dykes of Sao Jorge and Sao Miguel show a predominance of sub-horizontal magmatic flows. In Santa Maria the deduced flow pattern is less systematic changing from sub-horizontal in the southern part of the island to oblique in north. These results suggest that the ascent of magma beneath the islands of Azores is predominantly over localized melting sources and then collected within shallow magma chambers. According to this concept, dykes in the upper levels of the crust propagate laterally away from these magma chambers thus feeding the lava flows observed at the surface.
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M.A. Moreira, Laurent Geoffroy, J.-P. Pozzi. MAGMA FLOW PATTERN IN DYKES OF THE AZORES REVEALED BY ANISOTROPY OF MAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY. Journal of Geophysical Research : Solid Earth, American Geophysical Union, 2015, 1, pp.1959 - 7. ⟨10.1002/2014JB010982⟩. ⟨insu-01108769⟩

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