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Raman-in-SEM, a multimodal and multiscale analytical tool: Performance for materials and expertise

Abstract : a b s t r a c t The availability of Raman spectroscopy in a powerful analytical scanning electron microscope (SEM) allows morphological, elemental, chemical, physical and electronic analysis without moving the sample between instruments. This paper documents the metrological performance of the SEMSCA commer-cial Raman interface operated in a low vacuum SEM. It provides multiscale and multimodal analyses as Raman/EDS, Raman/cathodoluminescence or Raman/STEM (STEM: scanning transmission electron microscopy) as well as Raman spectroscopy on nanomaterials. Since Raman spectroscopy in a SEM can be influenced by several SEM-related phenomena, this paper firstly presents a comparison of this new tool with a conventional micro-Raman spectrometer. Then, some possible artefacts are documented, which are due to the impact of electron beam-induced contamination or cathodoluminescence contribution to the Raman spectra, especially with geological samples. These effects are easily overcome by changing or adapting the Raman spectrometer and the SEM settings and methodology. The deletion of the adverse effect of cathodoluminescence is solved by using a SEM beam shutter during Raman acquisition. In con-trast, this interface provides the ability to record the cathodoluminescence (CL) spectrum of a phase. In a second part, this study highlights the interest and efficiency of the coupling in characterizing micromet-ric phases at the same point. This multimodal approach is illustrated with various issues encountered in geosciences.
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Contributor : Nathalie Pothier <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 27, 2014 - 10:51:13 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 19, 2021 - 4:22:03 PM




Guillaume Wille, Xavier Bourrat, Nicolas Maubec, Abdeltif Lahfid. Raman-in-SEM, a multimodal and multiscale analytical tool: Performance for materials and expertise. Micron, Elsevier, 2014, 67, pp.50 - 64. ⟨10.1016/j.micron.2014.06.008⟩. ⟨insu-01087984⟩



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