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Correlation of the nappe stack in the Ibero-Armorican arc across the Bay of Biscay: a joint French-Spanish project

Abstract : A correlation between allochthonous units exposed in the NW Iberian Massif and the southern Armorican Massif is carried out based on lithological associations, structural position, age and geochemistry of protoliths and tectonometamorphic evolution. The units on both sides of the Bay of Biscay are grouped into Upper, Middle and Lower allochthons, whereas an underlying allochthonous thrust sheet identified in both massifs is referred to as the Parautochthon. The Lower Allochthon represents a fragment of the outermost edge of Gondwana that underwent continental subduction shortly after the closure of a Palaeozoic ocean which, in turn, is represented by the Middle Allochthon. The latter consists of supra-subduction ophiolites and metasedimentary sequences alternating with basic, mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB)-type volcanics, with inheritances suggesting the proximity of a continental domain. Seafloor spreading began at the Cambro-Ordovician boundary and oceanic crust was still formed during the Late Devonian, covering the lifetime of the Rheic Ocean, which is possibly represented by the Middle Allochthon. The opening of the oceanic domain was related to pulling apart the peri-Gondwanan continental magmatic arc, which is represented by the Upper Allochthon.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-01017333
Contributor : Isabelle Dubigeon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 2, 2014 - 11:19:34 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 30, 2020 - 9:59:15 AM

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Michel Ballevre, J.R. Martinez-Catalan, Alicia Lopez-Carmona, Pavel Pitra, Jacobo Abati, et al.. Correlation of the nappe stack in the Ibero-Armorican arc across the Bay of Biscay: a joint French-Spanish project. Schulmann K.; Martinez Catalan J.R.; Lardeaux J.M.; Vanouzek V; Oggiano G. (Eds.). The Variscan Orogeny: Extent, Timescale and the Formation of the European Crust, 405 (1), Geological Society of London, pp.77-113, 2014, Geological Society, London, Special Publications, n°405, 978-1-86239-658-6. ⟨10.1144/SP405.13⟩. ⟨insu-01017333⟩

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