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Comment on "The origin of eucrites, diogenites, and olivine diogenites: magma ocean crystallization and shallow magma processes on Vesta" by B.E. Mandler and L.T. Elkins-Tanton

Abstract : Mandler and Elkins-Tanton () recently proposed an upgraded magma ocean model for the differentiation history of the giant asteroid 4 Vesta. They show that a combination of both equilibrium crystallization and fractional crystallization processes can reproduce the major element compositions of eucritic melts and broadly the range of mineral compositions observed in diogenites. They assert that their model accounts for all the howardites, eucrites, and diogenites (HEDs), and use it to predict the crustal thickness and the proportions of the various lithologies. Here, we show that their model fails to explain the trace element diversity of the diogenites, contrary to their claim. The diversity of the heavy REE enrichment exhibited by the orthopyroxenes in diogenites is inconsistent with crystallization of these cumulates in either shallow magma chambers replenished by melts from a magma ocean or in a magma ocean. Thus, proportions of the various HED lithologies and the crustal thickness predicted from this model are not necessarily valid.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 18, 2014 - 5:22:05 PM
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Jean-Alix Barrat, Akira Yamaguchi. Comment on "The origin of eucrites, diogenites, and olivine diogenites: magma ocean crystallization and shallow magma processes on Vesta" by B.E. Mandler and L.T. Elkins-Tanton. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Wiley, 2014, 49 (3), pp.468-472. ⟨10.1111/maps.12250⟩. ⟨insu-00980799⟩

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