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Influence of diel biogeochemical cycles on carbonate equilibrium in a karst river

Abstract : Variations in temperature, photosynthesis, and respiration force diel variations in pH and dissolved CO2 concentrations of surface streams, possibly controlling carbonate equilibrium between river water and carbonate stream beds. Diel cycles of water chemistry and ä13C of dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC)weremeasured to assess how biogeochemical processes affect dissolution and precipitation of calcite and thus channel development in Ichetucknee River, a large spring-fed river (discharge N6m3/s) flowing over carbonate karst terrain in north central Florida (USA). Sampleswere collected at a 4-h sampling interval during two one-week periods and at a 1-h interval during a single 24-h period. Simultaneously, temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO) and NO3 . concentrations weremeasured using in situ sensors at 15-min or 1-h intervals. Ca2+, DICandNO3 .concentrations decreased during the day and increased at night causing diel changes of in-stream specific conductivity. These changeswere inversely related to diel changes in pH, PCO2 and DO concentrations. Thiswork shows that photosynthesis and respiration of subaquatic vegetation are the dominant processes influencing in-stream diel variation. During the day, a simultaneous increase of ä13CDIC and decrease in DIC indicates that photosynthesiswas the primary control on DIC concentrations. Calcite saturation indices ranged from0 to 0.5, with the highest value in daylight as a result of CO2 consumption causing carbonate precipitation. The water remained saturated with respect to calcite at night and ä13CDIC values decreased, indicating that CO2 production from ecosystem respiration was the dominant process affecting DIC concentrations but was insufficient to induce significant carbonate dissolution. At night outgassing maintained in-stream DIC concentrations lower than the supersaturated DIC springs source but a drop in ä13CDIC indicates that ecosystem respiration had a dominant influence over outgassing. Although CO2 outgassing occurs, it is shownto be aminor component of theDIC mass balancewhile carbonate precipitation represents 88% ofDIC loss. These results indicate that in-stream biological processes influence carbonate mineral diagenesis in large clearwater rivers.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00966730
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 27, 2014 - 10:48:24 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 5, 2019 - 8:03:26 PM

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V. Montety De, J.B. Martin, M.J. Cohen, C. Foster, M.J. Kurz. Influence of diel biogeochemical cycles on carbonate equilibrium in a karst river. Chemical Geology, Elsevier, 2011, 283 (1-2), pp.31-43. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2010.12.025⟩. ⟨insu-00966730⟩

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