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Evolution des paysages Sahélines au cours des six dernières décennies dans la région de Niamey : de la disparition de la brousse tigrée à l'encroutement de surface des sols

Abstract : In the Sahel, the rapid increase of the population during the last decades and the climate variation lead to an important environmental degradation. This work aims to measure the impacts of the human pressure on ecosystem during the six last decades. A diachronic cartography of a 100 km² area close to Niamey was done with aerial photographs (1950 and 1975) and GPS measurements (2009). Results showed that the tiger bush vegetation was completely cleared between 1950 and 2009 while the fallow decreases from 7 % to 1 %. In the sandy valley, the increase of cultivated fields from 20,7 % (1950) to 69,4 % (1975) favoured wind and water erosions which allowed surface soil crusting. Between 1975 and 2009, the bare crusted soil dramatically developed at the expense of the cultivated area which represents only 54,4 % of the studied area. The valleys are going to be overloaded because of high sedimentation rate (> 4 cm per year).
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  • HAL Id : insu-00956999, version 1

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Amadou Abdourhamane Touré, Rodrigue Guillon, Zibo Garba, Jean-Louis Rajot, Christophe Petit, et al.. Evolution des paysages Sahélines au cours des six dernières décennies dans la région de Niamey : de la disparition de la brousse tigrée à l'encroutement de surface des sols. Pangea infos, Société Géologique de France, 2010, 47/48, pp.35-40. ⟨insu-00956999⟩

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