Experimental simulation of magma mixing at high pressure - INSU - Institut national des sciences de l'Univers Access content directly
Journal Articles Lithos Year : 2014

Experimental simulation of magma mixing at high pressure


Magma mixing features are observed in many plutonic and volcanic environments. They result from the juxtaposition of two chemically contrasted magmas, usually during the replenishment of a magmatic reservoir, but also syn-eruptively within the conduit. Despite its ubiquity, only a few experimental studies have explored mixing between magmas. Existing data have been mostly acquired at atmospheric pressure and high shear rates (> 10- 1 s- 1), which differ from those accompanying magma mixing in reservoirs. To fill this gap, we performed high pressure mixing experiments at strain rates ranging from 4.10- 4 to 1.10- 3 s- 1. Layers of a synthetic crystal-free haplotonalite and a natural partially-molten basalt were juxtaposed in a Paterson apparatus at 300 MPa, and deformed between 900 and 1200 °C. The experiments shed light on the first stages of magma mixing and illustrate the role and behavior of crystals, either pre-existing or newly grown. Experiments evidence a rheological threshold for mafic material disruption, which sets in abruptly as its melt fraction exceeds 50%, which in the experiments occurs in the narrow temperature interval 1160-1170 °C. Below this threshold, plagioclase crystals in the mafic magma form a rigid touching network and all the deformation is accommodated by the less viscous felsic layer. Above it the crystal network collapses, allowing typical mingling/mixing features to appear altogether, such as enclaves, melt filaments or single xenocrysts isolated into the felsic end-member, coexisting with newly grown phases (plagioclase and pyroxene) whose compositions spread out over considerable ranges. The pre-existing fabric of the mafic magma is only slightly affected by deformation, altogether providing few clues on either the regime or geometry of applied deformation during the magmatic stage.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
laumonier_Dry-PDF_for_Nath.pdf (42.92 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

insu-00955227 , version 1 (04-03-2014)



Mickaël Laumonier, Bruno Scaillet, Laurent Arbaret, Rémi Champallier. Experimental simulation of magma mixing at high pressure. Lithos, 2014, 196-197, pp.281-300. ⟨10.1016/j.lithos.2014.02.016⟩. ⟨insu-00955227⟩
123 View
217 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More