Paleomagnetic study of juvenile basaltic-andesite clasts from Andean pyroclastic density current deposits - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors Year : 2014

Paleomagnetic study of juvenile basaltic-andesite clasts from Andean pyroclastic density current deposits

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Pierrick Roperch
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Annick Chauvin
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Jean-Luc Le Pennec
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Luis E. Lara
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Abstract

Additional paleomagnetic data are necessary to improve geomagnetic models of secular variation during the Holocene, especially from the southern hemisphere. In most of the Andean volcanoes from Ecuador to the Chilean central volcanic zone, very well dated lava flows are rare. In contrast, andesitic to basaltic pyroclastic density current (PDC) deposits commonly contain charcoal, facilitating their age determination with 14C. In this study we present the magnetic properties and the paleomagnetic results obtained from three PDC deposits of basaltic to andesitic composition. One is the 2006 PDC deposit from the Ecuadorian Tungurahua volcano and the two others are well-dated PDC deposits from Chilean volcanoes Osorno and Villarica. Although most paleomagnetic studies in pyroclastic rocks deal with the estimation of emplacement temperatures from bulk deposits or accessory and accidental (non-juvenile) clasts, we show that juvenile clasts embedded in PDC deposits provide well-grouped paleomagnetic directions indicating post-emplacement in situ cooling below Curie points. Moreover, the rapid cooling of the juvenile clasts yields an abundance of single domain titanomagnetite grains providing low unblocking temperatures and a reliable material for paleointensity determination.
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insu-00942806 , version 1 (06-02-2014)

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Pierrick Roperch, Annick Chauvin, Jean-Luc Le Pennec, Luis E. Lara. Paleomagnetic study of juvenile basaltic-andesite clasts from Andean pyroclastic density current deposits. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, 2014, 227, pp.20-29. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2013.11.008⟩. ⟨insu-00942806⟩
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