J. Acosta, A. Munoz, P. Herranz, C. Palomo, M. Ballesteros et al., Geodynamics of the Emile Baudot Escarpment and the Balearic promontory, Western Mediterranean, M a r .P e t .G e o l, pp.349-36910, 2001.

J. Alvarez-marron, E. Rubio, and M. Torne, Subduction-related structures in the North Iberian Margin, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.24, issue.8, pp.497-519, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/97JB01425

J. M. Auzende, J. Bonnin, and J. L. Olivet, The origin of the western Mediterranean basin, Journal of the Geological Society, vol.129, issue.6, pp.607-620, 1973.
DOI : 10.1144/gsjgs.129.6.0607

F. Avedik, V. Renard, J. Allenou, and B. Morvan, ???Single bubble??? air???gun array for deep exploration, GEOPHYSICS, vol.58, issue.3, pp.366-382, 1993.
DOI : 10.1190/1.1443420

G. Balmino, N. Vales, S. Bonvalot, and A. Briais, Spherical harmonic modelling to ultra-high degree of Bouguer and isostatic anomalies, Journal of Geodesy, vol.103, issue.E1, pp.499-520, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s00190-011-0533-4

C. Basile and P. Allemand, Erosion and flexural uplift along transform faults, Geophysical Journal International, vol.151, issue.2, pp.646-653, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246X.2002.01805.x

C. Basile, A. Maillard, M. Patriat, V. Gaullier, L. Loncke et al., Structure and evolution of the Demerara Plateau, offshore French Guiana: Rifting, tectonic inversion and post-rift tilting at transform???divergent margins intersection, Tectonophysics, vol.591, pp.16-29, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2012.01.010

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00661706

K. Bauer, S. Neben, B. Schreckenberger, R. Emmermann, K. Hinz et al., Deep structure of the Namibia continental margin as derived from integrated geophysical studies, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.108, issue.441, pp.829-2510, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JB900227

G. D. Behn and J. Lin, Segmentation in gravity and magnetic anomalies along the US East Coast passive margin: Implications for incipient structure of the oceanic lithosphere, J. Geophys. Res, vol.105, issue.25, pp.769-25790, 2000.

A. Billi, C. Faccenna, O. Bellier, L. Minelli, G. Neri et al., Recent tectonic reorganization of the Nubia-Eurasia convergent boundary heading for the closure of the western Mediterranean, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.182, issue.4, pp.279-303, 2011.
DOI : 10.2113/gssgfbull.182.4.279

G. Boillot, G. Feraud, M. Recq, and J. Girardeau, Undercrusting by serpentinite beneath rifted margins, Nature, vol.341, issue.6242, pp.341-523, 1989.
DOI : 10.1038/341523a0

J. P. Bouillin, Le "bassin maghrebin"; une ancienne limite entre l'Europe et l'Afrique a l'ouest des Alpes, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.II, issue.4, pp.547-558, 1986.
DOI : 10.2113/gssgfbull.II.4.547

A. Bounif, M. Bezzeghoud, L. Dorbath, D. Legrand, A. Deschamps et al., Chenoua (Algeria) earthquake from aftershocks, broad-band and strong ground motion records, Seismic source study of the 1989, pp.625-646, 2003.

J. M. Bown and R. S. White, Variation with spreading rate of oceanic crustal thickness and geochemistry, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.121, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(94)90082-5

A. Camerlenghi, D. Accettella, S. Costa, G. Lastras, J. Acosta et al., Morphogenesis of the SW Balearic continental slope and adjacent abyssal plain, Western Mediterranean Sea, International Journal of Earth Sciences, vol.39, issue.1, pp.735-750, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s00531-008-0354-8

N. I. Christensen and W. D. Mooney, Seismic velocity structure and composition of the continental crust: A global view, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.64, issue.585, pp.9761-9788, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95JB00259

S. Cloetingh, F. Beekman, P. A. Ziegler, J. D. Van-wees, and D. Sokoutis, Post-rift compressional reactivation potential of passive margins and extensional basins, Nature and Origin of Compression in Passive Margins, pp.27-70, 2008.
DOI : 10.1144/SP306.2

I. Contrucci, A. Nercessian, N. Bethoux, A. Mauffret, and G. Pascal, A Ligurian (Western Mediterranean Sea) geophysical transect revisited, Geophysical Journal International, vol.146, issue.1, pp.74-97, 2001.
DOI : 10.1046/j.0956-540x.2001.01418.x

W. C. Crawford, D. Wiens, L. M. Dorman, and S. C. Webb, Tonga Ridge and Lau Basin crustal structure from seismic refraction data, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.278, issue.6, pp.219510-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JB001435

C. A. Currie and R. D. Hyndman, The thermal structure of subduction zone back arcs, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.90, issue.4, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JB004024

S. M. Dean, T. A. Minshull, R. B. Whitmarsh, and K. E. Louden, Deep structure of the ocean-continent transition in the southern Iberia Abyssal Plain from seismic refraction profiles: The IAM-9 transect at 40??20???N, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.108, issue.45, pp.5859-5885, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JB900301

J. X. Dessa, The GROSMarin experiment: three dimensional crustal structure of the North Ligurian margin from refraction tomography and preliminary analysis of microseismic measurements, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.182, issue.4, pp.305-321, 2011.
DOI : 10.2113/gssgfbull.182.4.305

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00620551

J. Déverchère, Active thrust faulting offshore Boumerdes, Algeria, and its relations to the 2003 Mw 6.9 earthquake, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.31, issue.B3, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2004GL021646

A. Domzig, Searching for the Africa???Eurasia Miocene boundary offshore western Algeria (MARADJA'03 cruise), Comptes Rendus Geoscience, vol.338, issue.1-2, pp.80-91, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.crte.2005.11.009

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00111128

A. G. Doré, E. R. Lundin, N. J. Kusznir, and C. Pascal, Potential mechanisms for the genesis of Cenozoic domal structures on the NE Atlantic margin: pros, cons and some new ideas, Nature and Origin of Compression in Passive Margins, pp.1-26, 2008.
DOI : 10.1144/SP306.1

R. A. Dunn and F. Martinez, Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges, Nature, vol.53, issue.7329, pp.469-198, 2011.
DOI : 10.1038/nature09690

R. A. Edwards, R. B. Whitmarsh, and R. A. Scrutton, Synthesis of the crustal structure of the transform continental margin off Ghana, northern Gulf of Guinea, Geo-Mar, Lett, vol.17, issue.1, pp.12-20, 1997.

E. Robrini and M. , Evolution morphostructurale de la marge Algérienne occidentale (Méditerranée Occidentale): Influence de la néotectonique et de la sédimentation, p.164, 1986.

D. Frizon-de-lamotte, B. A. Saint-bezar, R. Bracene, and E. Mercier, The two main steps of the Atlas building and geodynamics of the western Mediterranean, Tectonics, vol.300, issue.4, pp.740-761, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000TC900003

T. Funck, K. Gohl, V. Damm, and I. Heyde, Tectonic evolution of southern Baffin Bay and Davis Strait: Results from a seismic refraction transect between Canada and Greenland, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.108, issue.B11, pp.410710-1029, 2012.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1992.tb00836.x

A. Gailler, F. Klingelhoefer, J. L. Olivet, D. Aslanian, P. S. Sci et al., Crustal structure of a young margin pair: New results across the Liguro???Provencal Basin from wide-angle seismic tomography, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.286, issue.1-2, pp.333-345, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.07.001

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00460080

J. Gallastegui, J. A. Pulgar, and J. Gallart, Initiation of an active margin at the North Iberian continent-ocean transition, Tectonics, vol.3, issue.1, pp.15-16, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001TC901046

F. Gautier, G. Clauzon, J. P. Suc, J. Cravatte, and D. Violanti, Age and duration of the Messinian salinity crisis, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. II, issue.8, pp.318-1103, 1994.

B. Gelabert, F. Sabat, and A. Rodriguez-perea, A new proposal for the late Cenozoic geodynamic evolution of the western Mediterranean, Terra Nova, vol.156, issue.2, pp.93-100, 2002.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-3121.2002.00392.x

L. Geoffroy, Volcanic passive margins, Comptes Rendus Geoscience, vol.337, issue.16, pp.1395-1408, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.crte.2005.10.006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00502488

R. Govers and M. J. , Lithosphere tearing at STEP faults: response to edges of subduction zones, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.236, issue.1-2, pp.505-523, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2005.03.022

C. J. Greenroyd, C. Peirce, M. Rodger, A. B. Watts, and R. W. Hobbs, Demerara plateau?The structure and evolution of a transform passive margin, Geophys, J. Int, vol.172, issue.2, pp.549-564, 2008.

I. Grevemeyer, C. Ranero, W. Leuchters, D. Pesquer, G. Booth-rea et al., Seismic constraints on the nature of crust in the Algerian- Balearic basin implications for lithospheric construction at back-arc spreading centers, Eos Trans. AGU, pp.53-57, 2011.

E. Gueguen, C. Doglioni, and M. Fernandez, On the post-25 Ma geodynamic evolution of the western Mediterranean, Tectonophysics, vol.298, issue.1-3, pp.1-3, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(98)00189-9

N. Hirata, B. Y. Karp, T. Yamaguchi, T. Kanazawa, K. Suyehiro et al., Oceanic crust in the Japan Basin of the Japan Sea by the 1990 Japan-USSR Expedition, Oceaniccrust in the Japan basin of the Japan sea by the 1990 Japan-USSR Expedition, pp.2027-2030, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/92GL02094

K. Hinz, Crustal structure of the Balearic sea, Tectonophysics, vol.20, issue.1-4, pp.295-302, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(73)90118-2

W. S. Holbrook, Mantle thermal structure and active upwelling during continental breakup in the North Atlantic, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.190, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00392-2

H. Horen, M. Zamora, and G. Dubuisson, Seismic waves velocities and anisotropy in serpentinized peridotites from xigaze ophiolite: Abundance of serpentine in slow spreading ridge, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.97, issue.109, pp.9-12, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/95GL03594

K. J. Hsu, M. B. Cita, and W. B. Ryan, The Origin of the Mediterranean Evaporite, Init. Rept. Deep Sea Drill. Proj, vol.13, pp.1203-1231, 1973.
DOI : 10.2973/dsdp.proc.13.143.1973

H. Johnson, The Nature and Origin of Compression in Passive Margins, 2008.

L. Jolivet and C. Faccenna, Mediterranean extension and the Africa-Eurasia collision, Tectonics, vol.267, issue.6, pp.1095-110610, 2000.
DOI : 10.1029/2000TC900018

C. E. Keen, W. A. Kay, and W. R. Roest, Crustal anatomy of a transform continental margin, Tectonophysics, vol.173, issue.1-4, pp.1-4, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(90)90244-3

F. Klingelhoefer, R. A. Edwards, R. W. Hobbs, and R. W. England, Crustal structure of the NE Rockall Trough from wide-angle seismic data modeling, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.51, issue.3, pp.1110510-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JB003763

F. Klingelhoefer, C. Labails, E. Cosquer, S. Rouzo, L. Geli et al., Crustal structure of the SW-Moroccan margin from wide-angle and reflection seismic data (the DAKHLA experiment) Part A: Wide-angle seismic models, Tectonophysics, vol.468, issue.1-4, pp.1-4, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.07.022

J. Korenaga, P. B. Kelemen, and W. S. Holbrook, Methods for resolving the origin of large igneous provinces from crustal seismology, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.173, issue.45, pp.217810-1029, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JB001030

W. Krijgsman, F. J. Hilgen, I. Raffi, F. J. Sierro, and D. S. Wilson, Chronology, causes and progression of the Messinian Salinity Crisis, Nature, issue.6745, pp.400-652, 1999.

J. Lofi, F. Sage, J. Déverchère, L. Loncke, A. Maillard et al., Refining our knowledge of the Messinian salinity crisis records in the offshore domain through multi-site seismic analysis, Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, vol.182, issue.2, pp.163-180, 2011.
DOI : 10.2113/gssgfbull.182.2.163

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00498286

L. Lonergan and N. White, Origin of the Betic-Rif mountain belt, Tectonics, vol.20, issue.3, pp.504-52210, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96TC03937

K. E. Louden, The crustal and lithospheric thicknesses of the Philippine Sea as compared to the Pacific, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.50, issue.1, pp.275-288, 1980.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(80)90138-7

K. E. Louden and D. Chian, The deep structure of non-volcanic rifted continental margins, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci, vol.357, pp.767-800, 1753.

A. Maillard and A. Mauffret, Structure and present-day compression in the offshore area between Alicante and Ibiza Island (Eastern Iberian Margin), Tectonophysics, pp.116-130, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2011.07.007

A. Malinverno and W. B. Ryan, Extension in the Tyrrhenian Sea and shortening in the Apennines as result of arc migration driven by sinking of the lithosphere, Tectonics, vol.1, issue.part 2, pp.227-24510, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/TC005i002p00227

J. Mascle and C. Basile, Continental transform margins, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. II A, vol.326, issue.12, pp.827-838, 1998.

A. Mauffret, D. F. De-lamotte, S. Lallemant, C. Gorini, and A. Maillard, E-W opening of the Algerian Basin (Western Mediterranean), E-W opening of the Algerian basin (Western Mediterranean), pp.257-264, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(02)00031-8

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00350348

A. Mauffret, A. Ammar, C. Gorini, and H. Jabour, The Alboran Sea (Western Mediterranean) revisited with a view from the Moroccan Margin, Terra Nova, vol.30, issue.3, pp.195-203, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/S0040-1951(03)00047-7

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00350343

R. C. Maury, Post-collisional Neogene magmatism of the Mediterranean Maghreb margin: A consequence of slab breakoff, C. R. Acad. Sci., Ser. II A, issue.3, pp.331-159, 2000.

M. Meghraoui, J. L. Morel, J. Andrieux, and M. Dahmani, Pliocene and Quaternary tectonics of the Tell-Rif mountains and Alboran Sea, a complex zone of continent-continent convergence, Bull. Soc. Geol. Fr, vol.167, issue.1, pp.141-157, 1996.

L. Montadert, J. Sancho, J. P. Fail, J. Debyser, and E. Winnock, Tertiary age of saliferous series responsible for diapiric structures in Western Mediterranean (northeast of Baleares), C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. Ser. D, issue.10, pp.271-812, 1970.

J. M. Nocquet and E. Calais, Geodetic Measurements of Crustal Deformation in the Western Mediterranean and Europe, Pure and Applied Geophysics, vol.161, issue.3, pp.661-681, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s00024-003-2468-z

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00407336

G. P. Pascal, A. Mauffret, and P. Patriat, The ocean-continent boundary in the Gulf of Lion from analysis of expanding spread profiles and gravity modelling, Geophysical Journal International, vol.113, issue.3, pp.701-726, 1993.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1993.tb04662.x

F. Pepe, A. Sulli, G. Bertotti, and F. Cella, Architecture and Neogene to recent evolution of the Western Calabrian continental margin: An upper plate perspective to the Ionian subduction system, pp.10-1029, 2010.

I. D. Reid and C. E. Keen, High seismic velocities associated with reflections from within the lower oceanic crust near the continental margin of eastern Canada, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.99, issue.1-2, pp.118-126, 1990.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(90)90075-9

J. D. Ritchie, H. Johnson, M. F. Quinn, and R. W. Gatliff, The effects of Cenozoic compression within the Faroe-Shetland Basin and adjacent areas, Nature and Origin of Compression in Passive Margins, pp.121-136, 2008.
DOI : 10.1144/SP306.5

N. Rollet, J. Déverchère, M. O. Beslier, P. Guennoc, J. P. Rehault et al., Back arc extension, tectonic inheritance, and volcanism in the Ligurian Sea, pp.6-7, 1029.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00406718

G. Rosenbaum, G. S. Lister, and C. Duboz, Reconstruction of the tectonic evolution of the Western Mediterranean since the Oligocene, 2002?Reconstruction of the evolution of the Alpine-Himalayan Orogen?Journal of the Virtual Explorer, pp.107-126, 2002.

F. Roure, P. Casero, and B. Addoum, Alpine inversion of the North African margin and delamination of its continental lithosphere, Tectonics, vol.2, issue.6, pp.10-1029, 2012.
DOI : 10.1029/2011TC002989

W. B. Ryan and M. B. Cita, Nature and distribution of Messinian erosional surfaces?Indicators of a severalkilometer-deep Mediterranean in Miocene, Mar. Geol, vol.27, pp.3-4, 1978.

F. Sage, C. Basile, J. Mascle, B. Pontoise, and R. B. Whitmarsh, Crustal structure of the continent-ocean transition off the C??te d'Ivoire-Ghana transform margin: implications for thermal exchanges across the palaeotransform boundary, Geophysical Journal International, vol.143, issue.3, pp.662-678, 2000.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246X.2000.00276.x

F. Sage, G. Von-gronefeld, J. Déverchère, V. Gaullier, A. Maillard et al., Seismic evidence for Messinian detrital deposits at the Western Sardinia margin, north Western Mediterranean, Mar. Pet. Geol, vol.22, pp.6-7, 2005.

B. Savoye and D. J. Piper, The Messinian event on the margin of the Mediterranean Sea in the Nice area, southern France, Marine Geology, vol.97, issue.3-4, pp.3-4, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0025-3227(91)90121-J

A. Schettino and E. Turco, Plate kinematics of the Western Mediterranean region during the Oligocene and Early Miocene, Geophysical Journal International, vol.166, issue.3, pp.1398-1423, 2006.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.02997.x

E. Serpelloni, G. Vannucci, S. Pondrelli, A. Argnani, G. Casula et al., Kinematics of the Western Africa-Eurasia plate boundary from focal mechanisms and GPS data, Geophysical Journal International, vol.169, issue.3, pp.1180-1200, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03367.x

F. Speranza, I. M. Villa, L. Sagnotti, F. Florindo, D. Cosentino et al., Age of the Corsica-Sardinia rotation and Liguro- Provençal basin spreading: New paleornagnetic and Ar, pp.231-251, 2002.

D. Stich, E. Serpelloni, F. D. Mancilla, and J. Morales, Kinematics of the Iberia???Maghreb plate contact from seismic moment tensors and GPS observations, Tectonophysics, vol.426, issue.3-4, pp.426-429, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2006.08.004

J. W. Stockwell, The CWP/SU: Seismic Un???x package,, Computers & Geosciences, vol.25, issue.4, pp.415-419, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0098-3004(98)00145-9

P. Strzerzynski, J. Déverchère, A. Cattaneo, A. Domzig, K. Yelles et al., Tectonic inheritance and Pliocene-Pleistocene inversion of the Algerian margin around Algiers: Insights from multibeam and seismic reflection data, Tectonics, vol.166, issue.3-4, p.10, 1029.
DOI : 10.1029/2009TC002547

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00489753

E. Thiébot, Structure profonde et réactivation de la marge nordouest Marocaine, Thèse de doctorat, 2005.

I. M. Turner, C. Peirce, and M. C. Sinha, Seismic imaging of the axial region of the Valu Fa Ridge, Lau Basin-the accretionary processes of an intermediate back-arc spreading ridge, Geophysical Journal International, vol.138, issue.2, pp.495-519, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246X.1999.00883.x

N. Vidal, J. Gallart, and J. J. Danobeitia, A deep seismic crustal transect from the NE Iberian Peninsula to the western Mediterranean, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.74, issue.2, pp.381-12396, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JB00076

P. Wessel and W. Smith, New version of the generic mapping tool released, Eos Trans. AGU, vol.329, issue.33, p.76, 1995.

R. S. White, D. Mckenzie, and R. K. Onions, Oceanic crustal thickness from seismic measurements and rare earth element inversions, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.13, issue.10, pp.683-1910, 1992.
DOI : 10.1029/92JB01749

R. B. Whitmarsh, G. Manatschal, and T. A. , Evolution of magma poor continental margins: from rifting to the onset of seafloor spreading, Nature, issue.6852, pp.413-150, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/B978-0-444-56357-6.00008-1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01256559

A. Yelles, Plio-Quaternary reactivation of the Neogene margin off NW Algiers, Algeria: The Khayr al Din bank, Tectonophysics, vol.475, issue.1, pp.475-98, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.tecto.2008.11.030

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00377433

C. A. Zelt, Modelling strategies and model assessment for wide-angle seismic traveltime data, Geophysical Journal International, vol.139, issue.1, pp.183-204, 1999.
DOI : 10.1046/j.1365-246X.1999.00934.x

C. A. Zelt and R. B. Smith, Seismic traveltime inversion for 2-D crustal velocity structure, Geophysical Journal International, vol.108, issue.1, pp.16-34, 1992.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1992.tb00836.x

P. A. Ziegler and S. Cloetingh, Dynamic processes controlling evolution of rifted basins, Earth-Science Reviews, vol.64, issue.1-2, pp.1-5010, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-8252(03)00041-2