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Tectonic setting of the Taubaté Basin (Southeastern Brazil): Insights from regional seismic profiles and outcrop data

Abstract : In southeastern Brazil, a series of onshore Tertiary basins provides good evidence for post-rift tectonic activity. So as better to constrain their tectonic setting, we have revisited outcrops in the Taubaté and Resende basins and have reinterpreted 11 seismic profiles of the Taubaté Basin. Where Eocene to Oligocene strata crop out, syn-sedimentary faults are common and their senses of slip are mainly normal. In contrast, for two outcrops in particular, where syn-sedimentary faults have put Precambrian crystalline basement against Eocene strata, senses of slip are strongly left-lateral, as well as normal. Thus we distinguish between thin-skinned and thick-skinned faulting. Furthermore, at four outcrops, Precambrian basement has overthrust Tertiary or Quaternary strata. On the seismic profiles, basal strata onlap basement highs. Structures and stratigraphic relationships are not typical of a rift basin. Although normal faults are common, they tend to be steeply dipping, their stratigraphic offsets are small (tens of metres) and the faults do not bound large stratigraphic wedges or tilted blocks. At the edges of the basin, Eocene or Oligocene strata dip basinward, have been subject to exhumation, and in places form gentle anticlines, so that we infer post-Oligocene inversion. We conclude that, after an earlier phase of deformation, probably during the Late Cretaceous, the Taubaté Basin formed under left-lateral transtension during the Palaeogene, but was subject to right-lateral transpression during the Neogene. Thus the principal directions of stress varied in time. Because they did so consistently with those of the adjacent regions, as well as those of the Incaic and Quechua phases of Andean orogeny, we argue that the Tertiary basins of southeast Brazil have resulted from reactivation of Precambrian shear zones under plate-wide stress.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 15, 2013 - 3:36:11 PM
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Nathan Cogné, Peter Robert Cobbold, Claudio Riccomini, Kerry Gallagher. Tectonic setting of the Taubaté Basin (Southeastern Brazil): Insights from regional seismic profiles and outcrop data. Journal of South American Earth Sciences, Elsevier, 2013, 42, pp.194-204. ⟨10.1016/j.jsames.2012.09.011⟩. ⟨insu-00776455⟩



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