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Nuclear field shift effect in isotope fractionation of thallium

Abstract : Environmental transport of Tl is affected by redox reaction between Tl(I) and Tl(III) and ligand exchange reactions of them. In order to deepen the knowledge of Tl chemistry, we investigated fractionation of Tl stable isotopes ( 203Tl and 205Tl) in a chemical exchange system. Tl isotopes were fractionated in a liquid-liquid extraction system, in which aqueous and organic phases are hydrochloric acid solution and dichloroethane including a crown ether, respectively. After purification by ion-exchange chemistry, the isotope ratio of 205Tl/ 203Tl in equilibrated aqueous phase was measured precisely by multiple-collector-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry. A large isotope fractionation >1 ‰ was found. Electronic structures of possible Tl species (hydrated Tl +, Tl 3+, and Tl chlorides) were calculated by ab initio methods, and the isotope fractionation factor was theoretically obtained. The isotope fractionation via intramolecular vibrations was calculated to be much smaller than the experimental result. The isotope fractionation via isotopic change in nuclear volume, named the nuclear field shift effect, was calculated to be >1 ‰ in Tl(I)-Tl(III) redox systems and/or ligand exchange systems of Tl(III). The nuclear field shift effect was found to be the major origin of Tl isotope fractionation
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Submitted on : Monday, September 17, 2012 - 4:22:01 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 9, 2019 - 9:04:12 AM

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Toshiyuki Fujii, Frédéric Moynier, Arnaud Agranier, Emmanuel Ponzevera, Minori Abe, et al.. Nuclear field shift effect in isotope fractionation of thallium. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, Springer Verlag, 2013, 296 (1), pp.261-265. ⟨10.1007/s10967-012-2181-4⟩. ⟨insu-00733025⟩

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