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Tectonics of SE China: New insights from the Lushan massif (Jiangxi Province)

Abstract : In south China the Lushan massif forms a topographic high of the South China Block south of the Qinling-Dabie belt. The Lushan massif consists of two main lithotectonic units separated by a major tectonic contact: a Neoproterozoic (upper Sinian)-Paleozoic unit comprising primarily unmetamorphosed sandstones overlies a Paleoproterozoic unit mainly composed of low-pressure, high-temperature gneisses and micaschists. Both units are cut by Cretaceous granitic intrusions. Three primary tectono-metamorphic and magmatic events are recognized. The eastern part of the Lushan massif is cut by a NNE-SSW trending ductile normal fault (D3 deformation) coeval to the emplacement of a 100-110 Ma leucogranite dated by 40Ar/39Ar laserprobe on biotite and muscovite. D2 deformation is responsible for the formation of a decakilometer-scale NE-SW trending upright anticline characterized by NE-SW stretching and NW-SE shortening. The age of this folding event is defined by a 127±1 (2σ) Ma U/Pb titanite date obtained for a syntectonic granodiorite and 40Ar/39Ar ages of 133 Ma for amphibole. This Cretaceous age also corresponds to the 40Ar/39Ar ages of 126 Ma found on syntectonic muscovites at the base of the Sinian unit. An older deformation event, D1, characterized by a top-to-the-NW extensional decollement of the Sinian-Paleozoic series above Proterozoic metamorphic rocks is related to the Triassic tectonics of the Dabieshan. Lastly, in the lower part of Sinian rocks, the occurrence of kyanite cataclased during D1 documents an older, poorly preserved, late Paleozoic-early Mesozoic tectonometamorphic event (Dx) related to a blind thrust in the continental crust of the South China Block in the southern foreland of the Dabieshan.
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Wei Lin, Michel Faure, Patrick Monié, Urs Schärer, Liangsheng Zhang, et al.. Tectonics of SE China: New insights from the Lushan massif (Jiangxi Province). Tectonics, American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2000, 19 (5), pp.852-871. ⟨10.1029/2000TC900009⟩. ⟨insu-00717721⟩

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