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Chronology of the angrite parent body and implications for core formation in protoplanets

Abstract : Angrites formed by some of the earliest igneous activity in the solar system and provide insights into the early stages of planetary melting and differentiation. Moreover, they are pivotal reference points for early solar system chronology. In order to study the processes and timescales of metal segregation in early protoplanets and to assess the distribution of short-lived radionuclides in the early solar system, the Hf-182-W-182 system was applied to a comprehensive suite of angrites. Hf-182-W-182 isochron ages for angrites are in excellent agreement with previously reported Pb-207-Pb-206 and Mn-53-Cr-53 results but are similar to 1 Myr older than ages obtained from Al-26-Mg-26 chronometry. These inconsistencies probably reflect a disturbance of the Al-Mg system in the angrite feldspars, but could alternatively be explained by a heterogeneous distribution of Al-26 in the early solar system. Based on the Hf-W results four texturally and temporally resolved groups of angrites can be identified that were derived from at least two distinct mantle sources. These mantle sources are the result of separate events of core formation, both of which took place within similar to 2 Myr of CAI formation. Thus, core formation in the angrite parent body did not occur as a single event of metal segregation from a global magma ocean but rather took place under varying conditions by several more local events. The disparate Hf-W systematics of the two distinct angrite source regions indicate that convection in the magma ocean was inefficient in homogenizing the composition of the mantle, possibly as a result of a continuous bombardment with small planetesimals during ongoing core formation. Such impacts could have constantly removed primordial and earlier formed crust, facilitating rapid cooling of the magma ocean, which solidified as early as 3.6 +/- 0.7 Myr after CAI formation
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Thorsten Kleine, Ulrik Hans, Anthony J. Irving, Bernard Bourdon. Chronology of the angrite parent body and implications for core formation in protoplanets. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2012, 84, pp.186-203. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2012.01.032⟩. ⟨insu-00696916⟩



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