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Co-utilisation of alkaline solid waste and compressed-or-supercritical CO2 to produce calcite and calcite/Se0 red nanocomposite

German Montes-Hernandez 1 François Renard 2 
1 Minéralogie et environnements
ISTerre - Institut des Sciences de la Terre : UMR5275
2 Mécanique des failles
ISTerre - Institut des Sciences de la Terre
Abstract : The coal combustion fly-ash and alkaline paper mill waste were previously used to sequester CO2 via waste-water-CO2 interactions. For this case, a solid mixture (calcite and un-reacted waste) was obtained after carbonation process. In the present study, we propose a solid-water separation of free lime (CaO) or free portlandite (Ca(OH)2) contained in waste prior to carbonation experiments in order to produce pure calcite or calcite/Se0 red composite. The calcite and carbonate composite syntheses have been also independently studied, but for both cases, a commercial powdered portlandite was used as calcium source. For this study, the extracted alkaline-solution (pH = 12.2-12.4 and Ca concentration = 810-870 mg/L) from alkaline solid waste was placed in contact with compressed or supercritical CO2 at moderate or high temperature, leading a preferential nucleation-growth of submicrometric particles of calcite (<1 μm) with rhombohedral morphology at 90 °C and 90 bar (9 MPa), whereas a preferential nucleation-growth of nanometric particles of calcite (<0.2 μm) with scalenohedral morphology at 30 °C and 20 bar (2 MPa) were observed. When, the extracted alkaline-solution was placed in contact with supercritical CO2 (90 bar) at high temperature (90 °C) and in presence of unstable seleno-l-cystine compound, the nucleation-growth of calcite/Se0 red nano-composite taken place. The composite consisted predominantly of spherical, amorphous nanometric-to-submicrometric of elemental red selenium (<500 nm) deposited on the calcite matrix. Here, the calcite was constituted by nano- to microrhombohedral crystals (<2 μm) and micrometric agglomerates and/or aggregates (<5 μm). These results on the particle size and morphology of crystal faces are very similar to calcite produced using commercial powdered portlandite as alkaline reactant and calcium source. This study is a nice example of feasibility to obtain possible ecological and economical benefits from waste co-utilisation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 21, 2012 - 11:27:08 AM
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German Montes-Hernandez, François Renard. Co-utilisation of alkaline solid waste and compressed-or-supercritical CO2 to produce calcite and calcite/Se0 red nanocomposite. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 2011, 56 (1), pp.48-55. ⟨10.1016/j.supflu.2010.11.005⟩. ⟨insu-00681323⟩



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