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Fired glaciofluvial sediment in the northwestern Andes: Biotic aspects of the Black Mat

Abstract : Fired glaciofluvial beds in outwash considered to date from the onset of the Younger Dryas Event (~ 12.9 ka) in the northwestern Venezuelan Andes are considered equivalent to the Black Mat deposits described in other areas of North and South America and Europe. It may be equivalent to sediment recovered from other sites containing beds with spikes of cosmic nuclides and charcoal indicating the presence of widespread fire, one of the signatures of the Black Mat conflagration that followed the proposed breakup of Comet Encke or an unknown asteroid over the Laurentide Icesheet at 12.9 ka. In the northern Andes at Site MUM7B, sediment considered coeval with the Black Mat contains glassy carbon spherules, tri-coatings of C welded onto quartz and feldspar covered with Fe and Mn. Monazite with excessive concentrations of REEs, platinum metals including Ru and Rh, possible pdf's, and disrupted/brecciated and microfractured quartz and feldspar from impacting ejecta and excessive heating summarize the data obtained so far. The purpose of this paper is to document the physical character, mineralogy and biotic composition of the Black Mat.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 20, 2012 - 2:52:11 PM
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William C. Mahaney, David Krinsley, Kurt Langworthy, Volli Kalm, Tony Havics, et al.. Fired glaciofluvial sediment in the northwestern Andes: Biotic aspects of the Black Mat. Sedimentary Geology, Elsevier, 2011, 237 (1-2), pp.73-83. ⟨10.1016/j.sedgeo.2011.02.005⟩. ⟨insu-00680958⟩