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Silver and lead in high-altitude lake sediments: Proxies for climate changes and human activities

Marion Garçon 1 Catherine Chauvel 1, * Emmanuel Chapron 2 Xavier Faïn 3 Mingfang Lin 4 Sylvain Campillo 4 Sarah Bureau 4 Marc Desmet 5, 6 Marie-Christine Bailly-Maître 7 Laurent Charlet 1
* Corresponding author
1 Géochimie
ISTerre [2011-2015] - Institut des Sciences de la Terre [2011-2015]
LGGE - Laboratoire de glaciologie et géophysique de l'environnement
5 Impacts des Polluants sur les Écosystèmes
LEHNA - Laboratoire d'Ecologie des Hydrosystèmes Naturels et Anthropisés
6 Transferts continentaux : forçages anthropiques, climatiques et géodynamiques
ISTO - Institut des Sciences de la Terre d'Orléans
Abstract : High-altitude lake sediments are often used as archives for environmental changes and their chemical and isotopic compositions provide significant constraints on natural and anthropogenic long-term changes that have occurred in their catchment area. Here, trace-element concentrations and Pb isotopes are presented for two sedimentary cores from Lake Blanc Huez in the French Alps, to trace the impact of climate changes and human activities over the Holocene. Lead and Ag contents are very high and clearly dominated by input from a Pb-Ag vein located a few meters from the lakeshore, a vein that also buffers the Pb isotopes. Mining of this vein in medieval times is recorded in the corresponding lake sediments with high Ag content coupled with high Pb/U ratio. These chemical characteristics can be used to constrain the major Holocene climate changes. Significant advances of glaciers next to the lake produced sediments with Ag and Pb concentration peaks and high Pb/U ratios due to accelerated erosion of the Pb-Ag vein, similar to the effects of the medieval mining. In contrast, reduced glacier activity led to the formation of organic-rich sediments with high U and As contents and low Pb/U ratios. More generally, the observed combination of chemical changes could be used elsewhere to decipher environmental changes over long periods of time.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 3, 2012 - 4:30:47 PM
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Marion Garçon, Catherine Chauvel, Emmanuel Chapron, Xavier Faïn, Mingfang Lin, et al.. Silver and lead in high-altitude lake sediments: Proxies for climate changes and human activities. Applied Geochemistry, Elsevier, 2012, 27 (3), pp.769-773. ⟨10.1016/j.apgeochem.2011.12.010⟩. ⟨insu-00666197⟩



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