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Monsoon speeds up Indian plate motion

Gampiero Iaffaldano 1 Laurent Husson 2 Hans-Peter Bunge
2 Systèmes Tectoniques
GR - Géosciences Rennes, LPG - Laboratoire de Planétologie et Géodynamique [UMR 6112]
Abstract : Short-term plate motion variations on the order of a few Myr are a powerful probe into the nature of plate boundary forces, as mantle-related buoyancies evolve on longer time-scales. New reconstructions of the ocean-floor spreading record reveal an increasing number of such variations, but the dynamic mechanisms producing them are still unclear. Here we show quantitatively that climate changes may impact the shortterm evolution of plate motion by linking explicitly the observed counter-clockwise rotation of the Indian plate since ~10 Ma to increased erosion and reduced elevation along the eastern Himalayas, due to temporal variations in monsoon intensity. By assimilating observations into empirical relations for the competing contributions of erosion and mountain building, we estimate the first-order decrease in elevation along the eastern Himalayas since initial strengthening of the monsoon. Furthermore, we show with global geodynamic models of the coupled mantle/lithosphere system that the inferred reduction in elevation is consistent with the Indian plate motion record over the same period of time, and that lowered gravitational potential energy in the eastern Himalayas following stronger erosion is a key factor to foster plate convergence in this region. Our study implicates lateral variations in plate coupling and their temporal changes as an efficient source to induce an uncommon form of plate motion where the Euler pole falls within its associated plate.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00665621
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 2, 2012 - 1:33:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 11:40:05 AM

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Gampiero Iaffaldano, Laurent Husson, Hans-Peter Bunge. Monsoon speeds up Indian plate motion. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2011, 304 (3-4), pp.503-510. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2011.02.026⟩. ⟨insu-00665621⟩

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