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New, primitive termites (Isoptera) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon

Abstract : Three new genera and species of primitive termites (Isoptera) are described and fi gured from Early Cretaceous French and Lebanese ambers: Santonitermes chloeae ENGEL, NEL & PERRICHOT, n. gen., n. sp., from an imago preserved in Charentese amber (Albian­Cenomanian); Syagriotermes salomeae ENGEL, NEL & PERRICHOT, n. gen., n. sp., from an alate detected in opaque amber from the same locality and reconstructed using synchrotron microtomographic imaging; and Lebanotermes veltzae ENGEL, AZAR & NEL, n. gen., n. sp., from an alate preserved in Lebanese amber (Aptian). The three genera exhibit primitive features of the Meiatermes-grade of early isopteran genera (sensu ENGEL et al. 2009). In addition, three further fragmentary specimens from Lebanon amber are reported, each apparently distinct from Lebanotermes n. gen. and the previously described Melqartitermes ENGEL et al., 2007. The new fossils further document the diversity and morphological disparity of 'lower' termite groups during the Early Cretaceous, highlighting the importance of palaeontological material for understanding isopteran phylogeny as well as the diversifi cation of Isoptera in the latest Jurassic and Early Cretaceous.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00662059
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Submitted on : Monday, January 23, 2012 - 10:29:03 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 29, 2020 - 4:48:54 PM

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  • HAL Id : insu-00662059, version 1

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Michael Engel, André N. Nel, Dany Azar, Carmen Soriano, Paul Tafforeau, et al.. New, primitive termites (Isoptera) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon. Palaeodiversity, 2011, 4, pp.39-49. ⟨insu-00662059⟩

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