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A 70 ka record of explosive eruptions from the TALDICE ice core (Talos Dome, East Antarctic plateau)

Abstract : The new Antarctic TALDICE ice core (72° 49′ S, 159° 11′ E, 1620 m depth), containing abundant primary tephras, provides the opportunity to elucidate the late Quaternary volcanic history of the south polar region, as well as to broaden the East Antarctic tephrostratigraphic framework. Here grain size and glass compositional data for representative tephra layers from the last 70 ka core section are used for source identification. Results point to origin of layers from centres of the Melbourne Volcanic Province (McMurdo Volcanic Group), located ∼250 km from the coring site. Occurrence of tephra layers within the ice core record suggests that explosive activity in the identified source was not constant over the considered period, with a minimum of activity between 20 and 35 ka, and increased activity back to 65 ka. In addition to palaeovolcanic implications, the TALDICE tephra layers offer prospects for firm correlations between diverse widely separated palaeoarchives and for accurate dating of the Antarctic climatic record.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00653737
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 20, 2011 - 10:12:33 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 9:16:03 AM

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B. Narcisi, J.R. Petit, J. Chappellaz. A 70 ka record of explosive eruptions from the TALDICE ice core (Talos Dome, East Antarctic plateau). Journal of Quaternary Science, Wiley, 2010, 25 (6), pp.844-849. ⟨10.1002/jqs.1427⟩. ⟨insu-00653737⟩

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