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Journal Articles Groundwater Year : 2012

Constraining Groundwater Modeling with Magnetic Resonance Soundings

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Marie Boucher
  • Function : Author
B. Cappelaere
Anatoly Legchenko
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Magnetic resonance sounding (MRS) is a noninvasive geophysical method that allows estimating the free water content and transmissivity of aquifers. In this article, the ability of MRS to improve the reliability of a numerical groundwater model is assessed. Thirty-five sites were investigated by MRS over a ∼5000 km2 domain of the sedimentary Continental Terminal aquifer in SW Niger. Time domain electromagnetic soundings were jointly carried out to estimate the aquifer thickness. A groundwater model was previously built for this section of the aquifer and forced by the outputs from a distributed surface hydrology model, to simulate the observed long-term (1992 to 2003) rise in the water table. Uncertainty analysis had shown that independent estimates of the free water content and transmissivity values of the aquifer would facilitate cross-evaluation of the surface-water and groundwater models. MRS results indicate ranges for permeability (K = 1 × 10−5 to 3 × 10−4 m/s) and for free water content (w = 5% to 23% m3/m3) narrowed by two orders of magnitude (K) and by ∼50% (w), respectively, compared to the ranges of permeability and specific yield values previously considered. These shorter parameter ranges result in a reduction in the model's equifinality (whereby multiple combinations of model's parameters are able to represent the same observed piezometric levels), allowing a better constrained estimate to be derived for net aquifer recharge (∼22 mm/year).

Dates and versions

insu-00647782 , version 1 (02-12-2011)

Identifiers

Cite

Marie Boucher, Guillaume Favreau, Yahaya Nazoumou, B. Cappelaere, Sylvain Massuel, et al.. Constraining Groundwater Modeling with Magnetic Resonance Soundings. Groundwater, 2012, 50 (5), pp.775-784. ⟨10.1111/j.1745-6584.2011.00891.x⟩. ⟨insu-00647782⟩
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