Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Community Variability of Bacteria in Alpine Snow (Mont Blanc) Containing Saharan Dust Deposition and Their Snow Colonisation Potential

Maria Chuvochina 1 Dominique Marie 2 Servanne Chevaillier 3 J.R. Petit 4 P. Normand 5 I. A. Alekhina 1 S. A. Bulat 1
1 CLIPS
LGGE - Laboratoire de glaciologie et géophysique de l'environnement, LEG - Laboratory of Eukaryote Genetics
2 MAPP - MArine Phototrophic Prokaryotes
AD2M - Adaptation et diversité en milieu marin
4 CLIPS
LGGE - Laboratoire de glaciologie et géophysique de l'environnement
Abstract : Microorganisms uplifted during dust storms survive long-range transport in the atmosphere and could colonize high-altitude snow. Bacterial communities in alpine snow on a Mont Blanc glacier, associated with four depositions of Saharan dust during the period 2006-2009, were studied using 16S rRNA gene sequencing and flow cytometry. Also, sand from the Tunisian Sahara, Saharan dust collected in Grenoble and Mont Blanc snow containing no Saharan dust (one sample of each) were analyzed. The bacterial community composition varied significantly in snow containing four dust depositions over a 3-year period. Out of 61 phylotypes recovered from dusty snow, only three phylotypes were detected in more than one sample. Overall, 15 phylotypes were recognized as potential snow colonizers. For snow samples, these phylotypes belonged to Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria and Cyanobacteria, while for Saharan sand/dust samples they belonged to Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus and Proteobacteria. Thus, regardless of the time-scale, Saharan dust events can bring different microbiota with no common species set to alpine glaciers. This seems to be defined more by event peculiarities and aeolian transport conditions than by the bacterial load from the original dust source.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00646743
Contributor : Aurore Gayraud <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 30, 2011 - 4:23:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 9:16:03 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Citation

Maria Chuvochina, Dominique Marie, Servanne Chevaillier, J.R. Petit, P. Normand, et al.. Community Variability of Bacteria in Alpine Snow (Mont Blanc) Containing Saharan Dust Deposition and Their Snow Colonisation Potential. Microbes and environments / JSME, Nakanishi Printing Co, 2011, 26 (3), pp.237-247. ⟨10.1264/jsme2.ME11116⟩. ⟨insu-00646743⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

555