Abstract : Lavas erupted at the southern end of the intermediate Juan de Fuca ridge (Cleft segment) are mostly cogenetic and their chemical diversity results from melt evolution in an open magma system. In the present study, we apply a theoretical model allowing the time evolution of this periodically recharged and tapped magma chamber to be estimated. In our mathematical procedure, the melt quantity supplied to the reservoir varies through time following a sinusoidal function. The rare earth element concentrations in the refilling melt were calculated on the basis of the REE distribution in lavas. This theoretical composition is akin to that previously estimated for a Mg#70 MORB from mineralogical and chemical data. Then, we approached the temporal evolution of the reservoir using a set of suitable parameters deduced from the geometry of the crust and magma system beneath the Cleft segment. Particularly, we considered two end-members scenarios for the melt repartition through the magma reservoir beneath the Cleft segment: the "gabbro glacier" model (crystal nucleation and growth occur within one single melt lens and crystals subside vertically and laterally) and the "sheeted sill" model (crystallization takes place within a network of connected sills located at various depths within the crust). We estimated that the magma chamber is refilled every thousand years and that the melt resides approximately one hundred years within the reservoir.