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Mesozoic deep-water carbonate deposits from the southern Tethyan passive margin in Iran (Pichakun nappes, Neyriz area): biostratigraphy, facies sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy

Abstract : The objective of this work is to study the Mesozoic turbiditic sediments from the southern Tethys margin in Iran. These sediments are exposed as nappes in the Pichakun Mountains (i.e. the Zagros Mountains in the Neyriz area), which inverted during latest Cretaceous time. Radiolarians are used to both define and date four main lithostratigraphic formations: (1) the Bar Er Formation (undated, probably Late Triassic to Early Jurassic); (2) the Darreh Juve Formation (Aalenian­early Bajocian to middle Callovian­early Oxfordian); (3) the Imamzadeh Formation (middle Callovian­early Oxfordian to Aptian); (4) the Neghareh Khaneh Formation (late Aptian to Turonian­Coniacian). Most of the sediments are deep-sea gravity-flow lobe deposits. Channel deposits occurred during the Bajocian (i.e. the Darreh Juve Fm) and deeply incised channels (canyons?) occurred during the Albian (i.e. the Neghareh Khaneh Fm). Twenty-seven facies, grouped into eight facies associations, are defined. Based on a sequence stratigraphic study (i.e. the stacking pattern), five second-order cycles (10­30 Ma duration), defined between two successive distal facies time-intervals, are characterized: (1) the J2 (Toarcian?­middle Oxfordian, unconformity: Late Toarcian­Aalenian); (2) the J3 (middle Oxfordian­Berriasian, unconformity: middle? Tithonian); (3) the K1.1 (Berriasian­undated top); (4) the K1.2 (undated base­early Aptian, unconformity: late Hauterivian); (5) the K1.3 (early Aptian­at least Turonian­Coniacian, unconformity: Aptian­Albian boundary). The most important tectonic event recorded occurred at the Aptian­Albian boundary (a deposition of olistoliths, from a few metres to 100 m thick, in debris flows; related to Austrian deformations). The Arabian-scale late Toarcian and early Tithonian deformations have been recorded as unconformities. It is expected that another tectonic event occurred during the late Hauterivian. The unconformity of cycle K1.1 could be a late Valanginian eustatic fall of climatic origin.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 22, 2011 - 2:25:53 PM
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Cécile Robin, Spela Gorican, François Guillocheau, Philippe Razin, Gilles Dromart, et al.. Mesozoic deep-water carbonate deposits from the southern Tethyan passive margin in Iran (Pichakun nappes, Neyriz area): biostratigraphy, facies sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy. LETURMY, P. & ROBIN, C. Tectonic and Stratigraphic Evolution of Zagros and Makran during the Mesozoic-Cenozoic, Geological society of London, pp.179-210, 2010, Geological Society of London Special Publications n°330, ⟨10.1144/SP330.10⟩. ⟨insu-00610559⟩

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