K. D. Apperson and C. Frohlich, The relationship between Wadati?Benioff zone geometry and P, T and B axes of intermediate and deep focus earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res, vol.92, issue.13, pp.821-13831, 1987.

T. W. Becker, On the effect of temperature and strain-rate dependent viscosity on global mantle flow, net rotation, and plate-driving forces, Geophysical Journal International, vol.167, issue.2, pp.943-957, 2006.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03172.x

T. W. Becker and L. Boschi, A comparison of tomographic and geodynamic mantle models, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst, vol.3, issue.1, pp.100310-1029, 2002.

T. W. Becker and C. Faccenna, A review of the role of subduction dynamics for regional and global plate motions, in Subduction Zone Geodynamics, pp.3-34, 2009.

M. Behounkova and H. ?í?ková, Long-wavelength character of subducted slabs in the lower mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.275, issue.1-2, pp.43-53, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.07.059

M. Bevis, The curvature of Wadati-Benioff zones and the torsional rigidity of subducting plates, Nature, vol.22, issue.6083, pp.52-5310, 1038.
DOI : 10.1038/323052a0

H. Bijwaard, W. Spakman, and E. R. , Closing the gap between regional and global travel time tomography, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.95, issue.45, pp.55-30078, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JB02467

M. I. Billen, Modeling the Dynamics of Subducting Slabs, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol.36, issue.1, pp.325-356, 2008.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.earth.36.031207.124129

M. I. Billen and M. Gurnis, Constraints on subducting plate strength within the Kermadec trench, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.103, issue.B5, pp.10-1029, 2005.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JB003308

URL : http://authors.library.caltech.edu/35521/1/2005_BillenGurnis_JGR.pdf

J. Braun, C. Thieulot, P. Fullsack, M. Dekool, C. Beaumont et al., DOUAR: A new three-dimensional creeping flow numerical model for the solution of geological problems, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.171, issue.1-4, pp.76-91, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pepi.2008.05.003

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00532147

F. A. Capitanio, G. Morra, and S. Goes, Dynamic models of downgoing plate-buoyancy driven subduction: Subduction motions and energy dissipation, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.262, issue.1-2, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2007.07.039

U. R. Christensen, The influence of trench migration on slab penetration into the lower mantle, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.140, issue.1-4, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(96)00023-4

U. Christensen and D. Yuen, The interaction of a subducting lithospheric slab with a chemical or phase boundary, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.89, issue.B6, pp.4389-440210, 1984.
DOI : 10.1029/JB089iB06p04389

H. ?í?ková, O. ?adek, D. A. Yuen, and H. Zhou, Slope of the geoid spectrum and constraints on mantle viscosity stratification, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.260, issue.21, pp.3063-306610, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96GL02257

H. ?í?ková, J. Van-hunen, A. P. Van-den, N. J. Berg, and . Vlaar, The influence of rheological weakening and yield stress on the interaction of slabs with the 670 km discontinuity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.199, issue.3-4, pp.447-45710, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(02)00586-1

H. ?í?ková, J. Van-hunen, A. Van-den, and . Berg, Stress distribution within subducting slabs and their deformation in the transition zone, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter, vol.161, pp.3-4, 2007.

S. R. Clark, D. Stegman, and R. D. Muller, Episodicity in back-arc tectonic regimes, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.171, issue.1-4, pp.1-4, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pepi.2008.04.012

C. P. Conrad and B. H. Hager, Effects of plate bending and fault strength at subduction zones on plate dynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.103, issue.2, pp.551-1710, 1999.
DOI : 10.1029/1999JB900149

C. P. Conrad and L. Husson, Influence of dynamic topography on sea level and its rate of change, Lithosphere, pp.110-120, 2009.

C. P. Conrad, M. D. Behn, and P. G. Silver, Global mantle flow and the development of seismic anisotropy: Differences between the oceanic and continental upper mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.105, issue.B4, pp.731710-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2006JB004608

K. C. Creager and T. H. Jordan, Slab penetration into the lower mantle beneath the Mariana and other island arcs of the northwest Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.11, issue.B3, pp.3573-358910, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/JB091iB03p03573

G. F. Davies, Penetration of plates and plumes through the mantle transition zone, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.133, issue.3-4, pp.507-51610, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00039-F

D. Giuseppe, E. , J. Van-hunen, F. Funiciello, C. Faccenna et al., Slab stiffness control of trench motion: Insights from numerical models, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol.105, issue.14, pp.10-1029, 2008.
DOI : 10.1029/2007GC001776

X. ?. Ding and S. P. Grand, Seismic structure of the deep Kurile Subduction Zone, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.95, issue.44, pp.767-2310, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB02130

E. R. Engdahl, R. Van-der-hilst, and R. Buland, Global teleseismic earthquake relocation with improved travel times and procedures for depth determination, Bull. Seismol. Soc. Am, vol.88, issue.3, pp.722-743, 1998.

A. Enns, T. W. Becker, and H. Schmeling, The dynamics of subduction and trench migration for viscosity stratification, Geophysical Journal International, vol.160, issue.2, pp.761-775, 2005.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2005.02519.x

C. Faccenna, F. Funiciello, D. Giardini, and P. Lucente, Episodic back-arc extension during restricted mantle convection in the Central Mediterranean, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.187, issue.1-2, pp.105-11610, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(01)00280-1

Y. Fukao, Seismic Tomogram of the Earth's Mantle: Geodynamic Implications, Science, vol.258, issue.5082, pp.258-625, 1992.
DOI : 10.1126/science.258.5082.625

Y. Fukao, S. Widiyantoro, and M. Obayashi, Stagnant slabs in the upper and lower mantle transition region, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.95, issue.3, pp.291-32310, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/1999RG000068

F. Funiciello, C. Faccenna, D. Giardini, and K. R. Lieb, Dynamics of retreating slabs: 2. Insights from three-dimensional laboratory experiments, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.22, issue.8, pp.220710-1029, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2001JB000898

F. Funiciello, C. Faccenna, A. Heuret, S. Lallemand, E. Di-giuseppe et al., Trench migration, net rotation and slab???mantle coupling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.271, issue.1-4, pp.233-240, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2008.04.006

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00412008

J. B. Gaherty and B. H. Hager, Compositional vs. thermal buoyancy and the evolution of subducted lithosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.355, issue.2, pp.141-14410, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/93GL03466

D. Giardini and J. H. Woodhouse, Deep seismicity and modes of deformation in Tonga subduction zone, Nature, vol.85, issue.5951, pp.505-509, 1984.
DOI : 10.1038/307505a0

S. Goes, F. Capitanio, and G. Morra, Evidence of lower-mantle slab penetration phases in plate motions, Nature, vol.105, issue.7181, pp.981-984, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/nature06691

S. P. Grand, Mantle shear structure beneath the Americas and surrounding oceans, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.98, issue.B6, pp.591-1110, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB00042

S. P. Grand, R. D. Van-der-hilst, and S. Widiyantoro, Global seismic tomography: A snapshot of convection in the Earth, GSA Today, vol.7, pp.1-7, 1997.

R. W. Griffiths and S. Turner, Folding of Viscous Plumes Impinging On A Density Or Viscosity Interface, Geophysical Journal International, vol.95, issue.2, pp.397-419, 1988.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1988.tb00477.x

R. W. Griffiths, R. I. Hackney, R. D. Van-der, and . Hilst, A laboratory investigation of effects of trench migration on the descent of subducted slabs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.133, issue.1-2, pp.1-1710, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00027-A

Ó. Gudmundsson and M. Sambridge, A regionalized upper mantle (RUM) seismic model, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.117, issue.B4, pp.7121-713610, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/97JB02488

L. Guillou?frottier, J. Buttles, and P. Olson, Laboratory experiments on the structure of subducted lithosphere, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.133, issue.1-2, pp.19-3410, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00045-E

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00790806

J. S. Hadamard, Mouvement permanent lent d'une sphere liquide et visqueuse dans un fluide visqueux, C. R. Acad. Sci, vol.152, p.1735, 1911.

B. H. Hager and M. A. Richards, Long-Wavelength Variations in Earth's Geoid: Physical Models and Dynamical Implications, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, vol.328, issue.1599, pp.309-327, 1989.
DOI : 10.1098/rsta.1989.0038

A. Heuret and S. Lallemand, Plate motions, slab dynamics and back-arc deformation, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.149, issue.1-2, pp.31-51, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pepi.2004.08.022

G. A. Houseman and D. Gubbins, Deformation of subducted oceanic lithosphere, Geophysical Journal International, vol.131, issue.3, pp.535-551, 1997.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.1997.tb06598.x

URL : http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/summary?doi=

L. Husson, Dynamic topography above retreating subduction zones, Geology, vol.34, issue.9, pp.741-744, 2006.
DOI : 10.1130/G22436.1

B. Isacks and M. Barazangi, Geometry of Benioff zones: Lateral segmentation and downwards bending of the subducted lithosphere, in Island Arcs, Deep Sea Trenches and Back?Arc Basins, pp.99-144, 1977.

B. Isacks and P. Molnar, Mantle Earthquake Mechanisms and the Sinking of the Lithosphere, Nature, vol.163, issue.5211, pp.1121-1124, 1969.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(66)90017-5

B. Isacks and P. Molnar, Distribution of stresses in the descending lithosphere from a global survey of focal-mechanism solutions of mantle earthquakes, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.76, issue.1, pp.103-17410, 1971.
DOI : 10.1029/RG009i001p00103

R. D. Jarrard, Relations among subduction parameters, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.85, issue.7, pp.217-28410, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/RG024i002p00217

T. H. Jordan, Lithospheric slab penetration into the lower mantle beneath the Sea of Okhots, J. Geophys, vol.43, pp.473-496, 1977.

T. H. Jordan and W. S. Lynn, A velocity anomaly in the lower mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.79, issue.17, pp.2679-268510, 1974.
DOI : 10.1029/JB079i017p02679

H. Kárason, Constraints on mantle convection from seismic tomography and flow modeling, Mass. Inst. of Technol, 2002.

H. Kárason and R. Van-der-hilst, diff), Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.141, issue.46, pp.6569-658710, 2001.
DOI : 10.1029/2000JB900380

M. Kido and O. Cadek, Inferences of viscosity from the oceanic geoid: Indication of a low viscosity zone below the 660-km discontinuity, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.151, issue.3-4, pp.125-13710, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(97)81843-2

C. Kincaid and R. W. Griffiths, Laboratory models of the thermal evolution of the mantle during rollback subduction, Nature, vol.425, issue.6953, pp.425-58, 1038.
DOI : 10.1038/nature01923

C. Kincaid and P. Olson, An experimental study of subduction and slab migration, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.84, issue.B13, pp.832-845, 1987.
DOI : 10.1029/JB092iB13p13832

D. L. Kohlstedt, B. Evans, and S. J. , Strength of the lithosphere: Constraints imposed by laboratory experiments, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.92, issue.43, pp.587-1710, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95JB01460

K. Lambeck and P. Johnston, The viscosity of the mantle: Evidence from analysis of glacial?rebound phenomena , in The Earth's Mantle: Composition, Structure, and Evolution, pp.461-502, 1998.

T. Lay, The Fate of Descending Slabs, Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, vol.22, issue.1, pp.33-61, 1994.
DOI : 10.1146/annurev.ea.22.050194.000341

C. Li, R. D. Van-der-hilst, E. R. Engdahl, and S. Burdick, A new global model for P wave speed variations in Earth's mantle, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst, pp.10-1029, 2008.

C. Loiselet, L. Husson, and J. Braun, From longitudinal slab curvature to slab rheology, Geology, vol.37, issue.8, pp.37-747, 2009.
DOI : 10.1130/G30052A.1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00424882

N. Loubet, N. M. Ribe, and Y. Gamblin, Deformation modes of subducted lithosphere at the core-mantle boundary: An experimental investigation, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol.146, issue.11, pp.10-1029, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2009GC002492

J. X. Mitrovica and A. M. Forte, A new inference of mantle viscosity based upon joint inversion of convection and glacial isostatic adjustment data, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.225, issue.1-2, pp.177-189, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2004.06.005

L. Moresi and M. Gurnis, Constraints on the lateral strength of slabs from three-dimensional dynamic flow models, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.138, issue.1-4, pp.15-2810, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(95)00221-W

G. Morra, K. Regenauer?lieb, and D. Giardini, Curvature of oceanic arcs, Geology, vol.34, issue.10, pp.34-877, 1130.
DOI : 10.1130/G22462.1

R. Moucha, A. M. Forte, J. X. Mitrovica, and A. Daradich, Lateral variations in mantle rheology: implications for convection related surface observables and inferred viscosity models, Geophysical Journal International, vol.169, issue.1, pp.113-135, 2007.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03225.x

R. Müller, W. Roest, J. Y. Royer, L. Gahagan, and J. Sclater, Digital isochrons of the world's ocean floor, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.86, issue.44, pp.3211-321410, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96JB01781

D. Olbertz, M. J. Wortel, and U. Hansen, Trench migration and subduction zone geometry, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.267, issue.3, pp.221-22410, 1997.
DOI : 10.1029/96GL03971

P. Olson and H. Singer, Creeping plumes, Creeping plumes, pp.511-531, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(80)90165-X

W. R. Peltier, Mantle Viscosity and Ice-Age Ice Sheet Topography, Science, vol.273, issue.5280, pp.1359-1364, 1996.
DOI : 10.1126/science.273.5280.1359

C. Piromallo and A. Morelli, P wave tomography of the mantle under the Alpine?Mediterranean area, J. Geophys. Res, vol.108, issue.B2, pp.10-1029, 2003.

N. T. Puspito, Y. Yamanaka, T. Miyatake, K. Shimazaki, and K. Hirahara, Three-dimensional P-wave velocity structure beneath the Indonesian region, Three?dimensional P wave velocity structure beneath the Indonesian region, pp.175-192, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0040-1951(93)90230-H

Y. Ren, E. Stutzmann, R. Van-der-hilst, and J. Besse, Understanding seismic heterogeneities in the lower mantle beneath the Americas from seismic tomography and plate tectonic history, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.146, issue.11, pp.130210-1029, 2007.
DOI : 10.1029/2005JB004154

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00270442

N. M. Ribe, Periodic folding of viscous sheets, Physical Review E, vol.403, issue.3, p.36305, 2003.
DOI : 10.1103/PhysRevE.68.036305

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00204576

N. M. Ribe, E. Stutzmann, Y. Ren, and R. Van-der-hilst, Buckling instabilities of subducted lithosphere beneath the transition zone, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.254, issue.1-2, pp.173-179, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2006.11.028

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00270447

Y. Ricard, M. A. Richards, C. Lithgow?bertelloni, and Y. L. Stunff, A geodynamic model of mantle density heterogeneity, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.66, issue.14, pp.895-2110, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93JB02216

L. H. Royden and L. Husson, Trench motion, slab geometry and viscous stresses in subduction systems, Geophysical Journal International, vol.167, issue.2, pp.881-905, 2006.
DOI : 10.1111/j.1365-246X.2006.03079.x

W. P. Schellart, Kinematics of subduction and subduction-induced flow in the upper mantle, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.113, issue.9, pp.10-1029, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2002TC001473

W. P. Schellart, Evolution of the slab bending radius and the bending dissipation in three-dimensional subduction models with a variable slab to upper mantle viscosity ratio, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.288, issue.1-2, pp.309-319, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.epsl.2009.09.034

W. P. Schellart, J. Freeman, D. R. Stegman, L. Moresi, and D. , Evolution and diversity of subduction zones controlled by slab width, Nature, vol.7, issue.7133, pp.446-308, 2007.
DOI : 10.1038/nature05615

W. Spakman, S. Van-der-lee, and R. Van-der-hilst, Travel-time tomography of the European-Mediterranean mantle down to 1400 km, Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, vol.79, issue.1-2, pp.3-74, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0031-9201(93)90142-V

D. R. Stegman, J. Freeman, W. P. Schellart, L. Moresi, and D. , Influence of trench width on subduction hinge retreat rates in 3-D models of slab rollback, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, vol.267, issue.B4, pp.10-1029, 2006.
DOI : 10.1029/2004JB002970

P. J. Tackley, Effects of strongly temperature-dependent viscosity on time-dependent, three-dimensional models of mantle convection, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.191, issue.20, pp.2187-219010, 1993.
DOI : 10.1029/93GL02317

M. Tagawa, T. Nakakuki, and F. Tajima, Dynamical modeling of trench retreat driven by the slab interaction with the mantle transition zone, Earth Planets Space, pp.65-74, 2007.

F. Tajima and S. P. Grand, Evidence of high velocity anomalies in the transition zone associated with Southern Kurile Subduction Zone, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.95, issue.23, pp.3139-314210, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/95GL03314

F. Tajima and S. P. Grand, Variation of transition zone high-velocity anomalies and depression of 660 km discontinuity associated with subduction zones from the southern Kuriles to Izu-Bonin and Ryukyu, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.95, issue.128, pp.15-15036, 1998.
DOI : 10.1029/98JB00752

W. C. Geochemistry-geophysics-tao and R. J. , Deformation of a weak subducted slab and variation of seismicity with depth, Nature, issue.6413, pp.361-626, 1038.

C. Thieulot, P. Fullsack, J. Braun, and R. , Adaptive octree?based finite element analysis of two? and three? dimensional indentation problems Complex morphology of subducted lithosphere in the mantle beneath the Tonga trench, J. Geophys. Res. Nature, vol.113, issue.6518, pp.374-154, 1029.

R. Van-der-hilst and T. Seno, Effects of relative plate motion on the deep structure and penetration depth of slabs below the Izu-Bonin and Mariana island arcs, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.120, issue.3-4, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0012-821X(93)90253-6

R. Van-der-hilst and S. Widiyantoro, Evidence for deep mantle circulation from global tomography, Nature, vol.386, issue.6625, pp.578-584, 1997.
DOI : 10.1038/386578a0

M. S. Vassiliou, B. H. Hager, and A. Raefsky, The distribution of earthquakes with depth and stress in subducting slabs, Journal of Geodynamics, vol.1, issue.1, pp.11-28, 1984.
DOI : 10.1016/0264-3707(84)90004-8

P. Wessel and W. H. Smith, Free software helps map and display data, Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union, vol.72, issue.41, pp.44110-1029, 1991.
DOI : 10.1029/90EO00319

S. Widiyantoro and R. Van-der-hilst, Structure and Evolution of Lithospheric Slab Beneath the Sunda Arc, Indonesia, Science, vol.271, issue.5255, pp.271-1566, 1996.
DOI : 10.1126/science.271.5255.1566

M. J. Wortel and W. Spakman, Subduction and Slab Detachment in the Mediterranean-Carpathian Region, Science, vol.290, issue.5498, 1910.
DOI : 10.1126/science.290.5498.1910

M. J. Wortel and N. J. Vlaar, Subduction zone seismicity and the thermo-mechanical evolution of downgoing lithosphere, Pure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH, vol.17, issue.3-4, pp.625-65910, 1988.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00874551

K. Y. Yamaoka, Y. Fukao, and M. Kumazawa, Spherical shell tectonics: Effects of sphericity and inextensibility on the geometry of the descending lithosphere, Reviews of Geophysics, vol.54, issue.18, pp.27-5310, 1986.
DOI : 10.1029/RG024i001p00027

P. Yamato, L. Husson, J. Braun, C. Loiselet, and C. Thieulot, Influence of surrounding plates on 3D subduction dynamics, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.267, issue.B4, pp.10-1029, 2009.
DOI : 10.1029/2008GL036942

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00381763

S. Yoshioka and M. J. , Three-dimensional numerical modeling of detachment of subducted lithosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, vol.103, issue.43, pp.223-2010, 1995.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB01258

D. Zhao, Y. Xu, D. A. Wiens, L. M. Dorman, J. Hiderbrand et al., Depth Extent of the Lau Back-Arc Spreading Center and Its Relation to Subduction Processes, Science, vol.278, issue.5336, pp.254-257, 1997.
DOI : 10.1126/science.278.5336.254

S. Zhong and G. F. Davies, Effects of plate and slab viscosities on the geoid, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, vol.170, issue.4, pp.487-49610, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0012-821X(99)00124-7

S. Zhong and M. Gurnis, Controls on trench topography from dynamic models of subducted slabs, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.78, issue.16, pp.683-1510, 1994.
DOI : 10.1029/94JB00809

S. Zhong and M. Gurnis, Mantle Convection with Plates and Mobile, Faulted Plate Margins, Science, vol.95, issue.5127, pp.838-843, 1995.
DOI : 10.1126/science.261.5127.1424

H. ?. Zhou, How well can we resolve the deep seismic slab with seismic tomography?, Geophysical Research Letters, vol.68, issue.12, pp.1425-1428, 1988.
DOI : 10.1029/GL015i012p01425