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Salt precipitation and trapped liquid cavitation in micrometric capillary tubes.

Abstract : Laboratory evidence shows that the occurrence of solid salt in soil pores causes drastic changes in the topology of the porous spaces and possibly also in the properties of the occluded liquid. Observations were made on NaCl precipitation in micrometric cylindrical capillary tubes, filled with a 5.5 M NaCl aqueous solution and submitted to drying conditions. Solid plug-shaped NaCl (halite) commonly grows at the two liquid-air interfaces, isolating the inner liquid column. The initially homogeneous porosity of the capillary tube becomes heterogeneous because of these two NaCl plugs, apparently closing the micro-system on itself. After three months, we observed cavitation of a vapor bubble in the liquid behind the NaCl plugs. This event demonstrates that the occluded liquid underwent a metastable superheated state, controlled by the capillary state of thin capillary films persisting around the NaCl precipitates. These observations show, first, that salt precipitation can create a heterogeneous porous medium in an initially regular network, thus changing the transfer properties due to isolating significant micro-volumes of liquid. Second, our experiment illustrates that the secondary salt growth drastically modifies the thermo-chemical properties of the occluded liquid and thus its reactive behavior.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 2, 2011 - 12:41:27 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 16, 2020 - 4:57:51 PM
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Majda Bouzid, Lionel Mercury, Arnault Lassin, Jean-Michel Matray. Salt precipitation and trapped liquid cavitation in micrometric capillary tubes.. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2011, 360 (2), pp.768-776. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2011.04.095⟩. ⟨insu-00589810⟩

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