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Water-clay surface interaction: A neutron scattering study

Abstract : The aim of this study was to investigate interaction between water molecules and internal clay surfaces by means of neutron diffraction and quasielastic neutron scattering. A hydrophobic cation, TMA+ (NC4H12), was used to saturate the interlayer space of nontronite NAu-1 in order to reduce hydration of interlayer cations that could hinder the effects related to the clay–water interactions. The water content was low in order to reduce hydrogen bonding between water molecules. It was found that water molecules form strong hydrogen bonds with surface oxygen atoms of nontronite. The diffusion activation energy value Ea = 29 ± 3 kJ/mol was obtained for water molecules hydrating the clay surface. These results confirm the assumption that surfaces of smectite clays with tetrahedral substitutions are hydrophilic.
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O. Sobolev, F. Favre Buivin, E. Kemner, M. Russina, B. Beuneu, et al.. Water-clay surface interaction: A neutron scattering study. Chemical Physics, Elsevier, 2010, 374, pp.55-61. ⟨10.1016/J.CHEMPHYS.2010.06.012⟩. ⟨insu-00565374⟩



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