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Feasibility of acoustic imaging for in-situ characterization of subsurface soil injected with fresh mortar

Abstract : This paper investigates the potential of acoustic imaging technologies to determine the spatial geometry of the soil-fresh mortar interface (water-cement ratio > 2). The proposed study is first devoted to the characterization and monitoring of the acoustic properties of this evolving material. They were analysed in the laboratory using a specifically-designed experimental device for eight hours, in order to assess the evolution of the mixed material as a function of its maturity. The measured seismic dataset shows the very low P wave velocities and their evolution as a function of time (hardening), their large attenuation and low dispersion characteristics in the [0.5-6 kHz] frequency range. In particular, seismic attenuation remains the lowest when mortar mixture is younger than 90 min, which consequently constitutes the optimum time window for imagery purposes. A comparison between the measured properties and existing theoretical models shows that the material can be considered as a fluid mixture with solid particles in suspension, which exhibits poorly compressible elastic behaviour during the first 8 h. In a second part, numerical seismograms are generated to assess the reflected P wave properties as a function of offset for a mortar/soil interface. Such study permitted to establish the optimum source-receiver configuration, which results from a compromise between acquiring large amplitudes for signal to noise ratio issues (reflectivity, attenuation), while to correctly analyse the P wave velocity using the hyperbola of the reflected wave. A correct assessment of the in-situ velocity, which depends on both the mixture characteristics (i.e. the soil conditions) and the mortar maturity, is a necessary step towards a correct 2D image of the interface.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 11, 2011 - 11:57:03 PM
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Pascale Sénéchal, Stéphane Garambois, Clarisse Bordes. Feasibility of acoustic imaging for in-situ characterization of subsurface soil injected with fresh mortar. Journal of Applied Geophysics, Elsevier, 2010, 72 (3), pp.184-193. ⟨10.1016/j.jappgeo.2010.09.002⟩. ⟨insu-00565370⟩



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