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Full waveform inversion of seismic waves reflected in a stratified porous medium

Abstract : In reservoir geophysics applications, seismic imaging techniques are expected to provide as much information as possible on fluid-filled reservoir rocks. Since seismograms are, to some degree, sensitive to the mechanical parameters and fluid properties of porous media, inversion methods can be devised to directly estimate these quantities from the waveforms obtained in seismic reflection experiments. An inversion algorithm that uses a generalized least-squares, quasi-Newton approach is described to determine the porosity, permeability, interstitial fluid properties and mechanical parameters of porous media. The proposed algorithm proceeds by iteratively minimizing a misfit function between observed data and synthetic wavefields computed with the Biot theory. Simple models consisting of plane-layered, fluid-saturated and poro-elastic media are considered to demonstrate the concept and evaluate the performance of such a full waveform inversion scheme. Numerical experiments show that, when applied to synthetic data, the inversion procedure can accurately reconstruct the vertical distribution of a single model parameter, if all other parameters are perfectly known. However, the coupling between some of the model parameters does not permit the reconstruction of several model parameters at the same time. To get around this problem, we consider composite parameters defined from the original model properties and from a priori information, such as the fluid saturation rate or the lithology, to reduce the number of unknowns. Another possibility is to apply this inversion algorithm to time-lapse surveys carried out for fluid substitution problems, such as CO2 injection, since in this case only a few parameters may vary as a function of time. We define a two-step differential inversion approach which allows us to reconstruct the fluid saturation rate in reservoir layers, even though the medium properties are poorly known.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00565020
Contributor : Pascale Talour <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 10, 2011 - 5:22:55 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:06:25 AM

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Louis de Barros, Michel Dietrich, Bernard Valette. Full waveform inversion of seismic waves reflected in a stratified porous medium. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2010, 182, pp.1543-1556. ⟨10.1111/J.1365-246X.2010.04696.X⟩. ⟨insu-00565020⟩

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