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Alternative solutions for the bio-denitrification of landfill leachates using pine bark and compost

C. Trois 1 G. Pisano 1 L. Oxarango 2 
2 Transpore
LTHE - Laboratoire d'étude des transferts en hydrologie et environnement
Abstract : Nitrified leachate may still require an additional bio-denitrification step, which occurs with the addition of often-expensive chemicals as carbon source. This study explores the applicability of low-cost carbon sources such as garden refuse compost and pine bark for the denitrification of high strength landfill leachates. The overall objective is to assess efficiency, kinetics and performance of the substrates in the removal of high nitrate concentrations. Garden refuse and pine bark are currently disposed of in general waste landfills in South Africa, separated from the main waste stream. A secondary objective is to assess the feasibility of re-using green waste as by-product of an integrated waste management system. Denitrification processes in fixed bed reactors were simulated at laboratory scale using anaerobic batch tests and leaching columns packed with immature compost and pine bark. Biologically treated leachate from a Sequencing Batch Reactor (SBR) with nitrate concentrations of 350, 700 and 1100 mgN/l were used for the trials. Preliminary results suggest that, passed the acclimatization step (40 days for both substrates), full denitrification is achieved in 10-20 days for the pine bark and 30-40 days for the compost.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 8, 2011 - 10:20:50 AM
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C. Trois, G. Pisano, L. Oxarango. Alternative solutions for the bio-denitrification of landfill leachates using pine bark and compost. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2010, 178, pp.1100-1105. ⟨10.1016/j.jhazmat.2010.01.054⟩. ⟨insu-00564148⟩



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