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Rationale and geophysical evidence for quasi-geostrophic rapid dynamics within the Earth's outer core

Nicolas Gillet 1 Nathanaël Schaeffer 1, * Dominique Jault 1
* Corresponding author
1 Géodynamo [1997-2015]
ISTerre [2011-2015] - Institut des Sciences de la Terre [2011-2015]
Abstract : We present arguments supporting the hypothesis that the ow in the Earth's core, for the time scales of the historical secular variation, is well described by a quasi-geostrophic (QG) model, almost invariant along the rotation axis. A previous study showed that for axisymmetric motions, the dimensionless number appropriate to compare magnetic and rotation forces is independent of magnetic di usivity, increases with decreasing length scales, and takes value much smaller than unity for lengths about 106 m. Here, we extend this result to non-axisymmetric motions, and give a criterion for QG to hold based on length scale, rotation rate and magnetic eld intensity. The numerical simulations exhibit a columnar behaviour at parameters representative of the Earth's core, supporting the quasi-geostrophic hypothesis for fast, large length-scale motions. In addition, we present the results of several inversions of the core ow from geomagnetic eld models, showing that (a) the energy of the motions symmetrical with respect to the equatorial plane represents about 80% of the total energy when no symmetry is assumed a priori; (b) for the same number of parameters, an equatorially symmetric (QG) ow model explains more of the secular variation than a ow without speci ed geometry.
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Nicolas Gillet, Nathanaël Schaeffer, Dominique Jault. Rationale and geophysical evidence for quasi-geostrophic rapid dynamics within the Earth's outer core. Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Elsevier, 2011, 202-203 (3-4), pp.78-88. ⟨10.1016/j.pepi.2012.03.006⟩. ⟨insu-00561400⟩

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