Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Structure of nanocrystalline phyllomanganates produced by freshwater fungi

Abstract : he crystal structures of biogenic Mn oxides produced by three fungal strains isolated from stream pebbles were determined using chemical analyses, XANES and EXAFS spectroscopy, and powder X-ray diffraction. The fungi-mediated oxidation of aqueous Mn2+ produces layered Mn oxides analogous to vernadite, a natural nanostructured and turbostratic variety of birnessite. The crystallites have domain dimensions of ~10 nm in the layer plane (equivalent to ~35 MnO6 octahedra), and ~1.5–2.2 nm perpendicularly (equivalent to ~2–3 layers), on average. The layers have hexagonal symmetry and from 22 to 30% vacant octahedral sites. This proportion likely includes edge sites, given the extremely small lateral size of the layers. The layer charge deficit, resulting from the missing layer Mn4+ cations, is balanced mainly by interlayer Mn3+ cations in triple-corner sharing position above and/or below vacant layer octahedra. The high surface area, defective crystal structure, and mixed Mn valence confer to these bio-minerals an extremely high chemical reactivity. They serve in the environment as sorption substrate for trace elements and possess catalytic redox properties.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00549748
Contributor : Pascale Talour <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 22, 2010 - 2:26:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:10:39 AM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Sylvain Grangeon, Bruno Lanson, Naoyuki Miyata, Yukinori Tani, A. Manceau. Structure of nanocrystalline phyllomanganates produced by freshwater fungi. American Mineralogist, Mineralogical Society of America, 2010, 95, pp.1608-1616. ⟨10.2138/am.2010.3516⟩. ⟨insu-00549748⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

331