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Geochemistry of the Martian meteorite ALH 84001, revisited

Abstract : Major and trace element abundances were determined on powders prepared from four distinct chips from Allan Hills (ALH) 84001 to constrain the bulk rock composition, and to assess the trace element abundances of orthopyroxenes and phosphates. Our new determinations were used to evaluate the composition of the parental melt of this stone. An unrealistic light rare earth element (REE)-enriched parental melt is calculated from the composition of the orthopyroxene and relevant equilibrium partition coefficients. The involvement of a small amount of trapped melt and subsolidus reequilibrations between orthopyroxene and the interstitial phases can account for this discrepancy. A parental melt that displays a trace element pattern (REE, Zr, and Hf) that closely resembles enriched shergottites such as Zagami or Los Angeles is calculated if these effects are taken into account. These results suggest that some shergottitic melts were already erupted on Mars during the Noachian.
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Jean-Alix Barrat, Claire Bollinger. Geochemistry of the Martian meteorite ALH 84001, revisited. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, Wiley, 2010, 45 (4), pp.495-512. ⟨10.1111/j.1945-5100.2010.01042.x⟩. ⟨insu-00517865⟩

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