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High-accuracy measurements of snow Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function at visible and NIR wavelengths - comparison with modelling results

Marie Dumont 1 Olivier Brissaud 2 Ghislain Picard 3 Bernard Schmitt 2 Jean-Charles Gallet 1 Yves Arnaud 4
3 CLIPS
LGGE - Laboratoire de glaciologie et géophysique de l'environnement
4 CHYC
LGGE - Laboratoire de glaciologie et géophysique de l'environnement, LTHE - Laboratoire d'étude des transferts en hydrologie et environnement
Abstract : High-accuracy measurements of snow Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF) were performed for four natural snow samples with a spectrogonio-radiometer in the 500-2600 nm wavelength range. These measurements are one of the first sets of direct snow BRDF values over a wide range of lighting and viewing geometry. They were compared to BRDF calculated with two optical models. Variations of the snow anisotropy factor with lighting geometry, wavelength and snow physical properties were investigated. Results show that at wavelengths with small penetration depth, scattering mainly occurs in the very top layers and the anisotropy factor is controlled by the phase function. In this condition, forward scattering peak or double scattering peak is observed. In contrast at shorter wavelengths, the penetration of the radiation is much deeper and the number of scattering events increases. The anisotropy factor is thus nearly constant and decreases at grazing observation angles. The whole dataset is available on demand from the corresponding author.
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Marie Dumont, Olivier Brissaud, Ghislain Picard, Bernard Schmitt, Jean-Charles Gallet, et al.. High-accuracy measurements of snow Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function at visible and NIR wavelengths - comparison with modelling results. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, European Geosciences Union, 2010, 10 (5), pp.2507-2520. ⟨10.5194/acp-10-2507-2010⟩. ⟨insu-00501732⟩

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