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Explosive properties of superheated aqueous solutions in volcanic and hydrothermal systems

Abstract : Superheated aqueous solutions in volcanic and hydrothermal environments are known to reequilibrate violently through explosive boilings and gas exsolutions. While these phenomena are purely kinetic problems in essence, the explosivity conditions of these demixion processes can be investigated by following a thermodynamic approach based on spinodal curves. In a first part, we recall briefly the concepts of mechanical and diffusion spinodals. Then, we propose to differentiate superspinodal (explosive) transformations from subspinodal (non-explosive) ones. Finally, a quantitative study of spinodal curves is attempted on the binary systems H2O-CO2 and H2O-NaCl with equations of state with solid theoretical basis. It is shown that dissolved gaseous components and electrolytes have an antagonist effect: dissolved volatiles tend to shift the superspinodal region towards lower temperatures, whereas electrolytes tend to extend the metastable field towards higher temperatures. This study may give some clues to understand the explosive destabilization conditions of aqueous solutions in phreatic, phreato-magmatic and hydrothermal eruptions
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Submitted on : Friday, March 12, 2010 - 11:22:32 AM
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  • HAL Id : insu-00460799, version 1

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Régis Thiery, Sébastien Loock, Lionel Mercury. Explosive properties of superheated aqueous solutions in volcanic and hydrothermal systems. Metastable Systems under Pressure, Springer, pp.293-310, 2010. ⟨insu-00460799⟩

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