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Passive seismic imaging with directive ambient noise: application to surface waves and the San Andreas Fault in Parkfield, CA

Abstract : This study deals with surface waves extracted from microseismic noise in the (0.1–0.2 Hz) frequency band with passive seismic-correlation techniques. For directive noise, we explore the concept of passive seismic-noise tomography performed on three-component sensors from a dense seismic network. From the nine-component correlation tensor, a rotation algorithm is introduced that forces each station pair to re-align in the noise direction, a necessary condition to extract unbiased traveltime from passive seismic processing. After rotation is performed, the new correlation tensor exhibits a surface wave tensor from which Rayleigh and Love waves can be separately extracted for tomography inversion. Methodological aspects are presented and illustrated with group-speed maps for Rayleigh and Love waves and ellipticity measurements made on the San Andreas Fault in the Parkfield area, California, USA.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00447731
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Philippe Roux. Passive seismic imaging with directive ambient noise: application to surface waves and the San Andreas Fault in Parkfield, CA. Geophysical Journal International, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2009, 179 (1), pp.367-373. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-246X.2009.04282.x⟩. ⟨insu-00447731⟩

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