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Importance of structural history in the summit area of Stromboli during the 2002–2003 eruptive crisis inferred from temperature, soil CO2, self-potential, and electrical resistivity tomography

Abstract : The 2002-2003 eruptive crisis of Stromboli volcano in the Aeolian Islands raised the question of how to assess the stability of the flanks of this volcanic edifice during such a crisis. To provide a response to this question, we analyzed a detailed fluid flow mapping plus the reiteration of a profile located in the vicinity of the active vents using the self-potential method, temperature data, soil-gas (CO2) measurements, and electric resistivity tomography. Coupling the interpretation of these methods that are sensitive to the flow of gas and water in the ground indicates the position of areas of mechanical weakness. In addition, they can be used to monitor the change in the discharge of fluids associated with these features before and during the 2002-2003 eruptive crisis. Our results emphasize the importance of old structural boundaries, such as the Large Fossa crater, in the development of the new set of fractures observed during the 2002-2003 eruptive crisis. Between October 2002 and January 2003, the use of CO2 soil-gas technique evidenced an increase in the discharge of CO2 outside the Large Fossa crater boundaries, along the failure boundary of the southern Sciara del Fuoco area. Self-potential and temperature measurements made before the 2002-2003 eruptive crisis reveal significant changes along the main structural boundaries of the Fossa area. The development of these anomalies is interpreted as an increase of the permeability of the structure from May 2000 to May 2002. Between January 2003 and March 2003 the reiteration of self-potential, temperature, and CO2 measurements shows an increase of fluid discharge along weakness planes located inside the Large Fossa crater boundary. They evidence no change outside this structural boundary. The importance of the Large Fossa crater boundary in controlling the deformation and fluid flow from January to March 2003 has been attested by the development of the fractures inside the Large Fossa crater boundary, and also with a network of electrooptical distance measurement stations located inside and outside this ancient crater. This multidisciplinary approach to fluid flow assessment before and during an eruptive crisis is complementary to geodetic measurements of the deformation of the edifice. It demonstrates for the first time the powerful potential of combining electrical resistivity tomography, self-potential, temperature, and soil CO2 measurements in assessing the position of the planes of mechanical weakness in a volcanic edifice.
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Anthony Finizola, Maurice Aubert, André Revil, Claudia Schütze, Francesco Sortino. Importance of structural history in the summit area of Stromboli during the 2002–2003 eruptive crisis inferred from temperature, soil CO2, self-potential, and electrical resistivity tomography. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Elsevier, 2009, 183 (3-4), pp.213-227. ⟨10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.04.002⟩. ⟨insu-00447145⟩



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