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Geomagnetic paleointensity between 1300 and 1750 AD derived from a bread oven floor sequence in Lubeck, Germany

Abstract : Geomagnetic paleointensities have been determined from a single archaeological site in Lubeck, Germany, where a sequence of 25 bread oven floors has been preserved in a bakery from medieval times until today. Age dating confines the time interval from about 1300 A. D. to about 1750 A. D. Paleomagnetic directions have been published from each oven floor and are updated here. The specimens have very stable directions and no or only weak secondary components. The oven floor material was characterized rock magnetically using Thellier viscosity indices, median destructive field values, Curie point determinations, and hysteresis measurements. Magnetic carriers are mixtures of SD, PSD, and minor MD magnetite and/or maghemite together with small amounts of hematite. Paleointensity was measured from selected specimens with the double-heating Thellier method including pTRM checks and determination of TRM anisotropy tensors. Corrections for anisotropy as well as for cooling rate turned out to be unnecessary. Ninety-two percent of the Thellier experiments passed the assigned acceptance criteria and provided four to six reliable paleointensity estimates per oven floor. Mean paleointensity values derived from 22 oven floors show maxima in the 15th and early 17th centuries A. D., followed by a decrease of paleointensity of about 20% until 1750 A. D. Together with the directions the record represents about 450 years of full vector secular variation. The results compare well with historical models of the Earth's magnetic field as well as with a selected high-quality paleointensity data set for western and central Europe.
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Elisabeth Schnepp, Philippe Lanos, Annick Chauvin. Geomagnetic paleointensity between 1300 and 1750 AD derived from a bread oven floor sequence in Lubeck, Germany. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, AGU and the Geochemical Society, 2009, 10 (8), pp.Q08003. ⟨10.1029/2009GC002470⟩. ⟨insu-00424887⟩

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