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Journal Articles Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology Year : 2009

Diffusion of divalent cations in garnet: multi-couple experiments

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Abstract

We demonstrate the possibility of studying several diffusion couples in a single run, i.e. under almost similar P–T–t–fO2 conditions, allowing direct comparison of the diffusion rates in different diffusion couples. Thus the duration of experimental study and the risk of failure of expensive experimental equipment can be decreased considerably. The diffusion experiments were carried out in piston-cylinder apparatus. Gem-quality garnets of almandine, spessartine and grossular compositions together with inclusion-rich eclogitic garnets were embedded in a powder of natural pyrope and annealed together under dry conditions at P = 1.9–3.2 GPa and T = 1,070–1,400 C. Diffusion profiles were measured by electron microprobe and fitted numerically on the basis of multicomponent diffusion theory. The datasets derived from different diffusion couples yields parameters of the Arrhenius equation for Ca, Mg and Fe in natural eclogitic garnets and Mg, Mn and Fe in gem-quality garnets. We have also studied the effect of grain-boundary diffusion in the sintered pyrope matrix on interdiffusion on the basis of 2D modeling. Under conditions analogous to those of our experimental runs, we show that observed irregularities in some measured diffusion profiles (not applied for the diffusion modeling) can be directly related to the superposition of local grain-boundary diffusion on dominant volume diffusion.

Dates and versions

insu-00411192 , version 1 (26-08-2009)

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Cite

A.L. Perchuk, M. Burchard, H.-P. Schertl, W. V. Maresch, T. V. Gerya, et al.. Diffusion of divalent cations in garnet: multi-couple experiments. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 2009, 157 (5), pp.573-592. ⟨10.1007/s00410-008-0353-6⟩. ⟨insu-00411192⟩
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