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An Inverse Procedure to Estimate Transmissivity from Heads and SP Signals

Abstract : Experimental hydraulic heads and electrical (self-potential) signals associated with a pumping test were used in an inverse model to estimate the transmissivity distribution of a real aquifer. Several works reported in the literature show that there is a relatively good linear relationship between the hydraulic heads in the aquifer and electrical signals measured at the ground surface. In this experimental test field, first, the current coupling coefficient was determined by the best fit between experimental and modeled self-potential signals at the end of the pumping phase. Soon afterward, with the hydraulic heads obtained from the self-potential signals, the transmissivity distribution of the aquifer was conditioned by means an inverse model based on the successive linear estimator (SLE). To further substantiate the estimated T field from the SLE analysis, we analyzed the drawdown rate, the derivative of the drawdown with respect to the ln(t), because the drawdown rate is highly sensitive to the variability in the transmissivity field. In our opinion, these results show that self-potential signals allow the monitoring of subsurface flow in the course of pumping experiments, and that electrical potentials serve as a good complement to piezometric observations to condition and characterize the transmissivity distribution of an aquifer
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00404838
Contributor : Pascale Talour <>
Submitted on : Friday, July 17, 2009 - 11:34:58 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 3, 2020 - 3:17:26 AM

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Salvatore Straface, Carmine Fallico, Salvatore Troisi, Enzo Rizzo, André Revil. An Inverse Procedure to Estimate Transmissivity from Heads and SP Signals. Groundwater, Wiley, 2007, 45 (4), pp.420 à 428. ⟨10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00310.x⟩. ⟨insu-00404838⟩

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