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Offshore Frontal Part of the Makran Accretionary Prism: The Chamak Survey (Pakistan)

Abstract : The Makran accretionary prism developed in the north-western part of the Indian Ocean as a consequence of the subduction of the Arabian Sea since Late Cretaceous times. It extends from southern Iran to the Baluchistan region of Pakistan where it joins the Chaman-Ornach-Nal left-lateral strike-slip fault systems to the north and the Owen Fracture Zone-Murray Ridge transtensional (right-lateral) system to the south in a complex triple junction near the city of Karachi. In September to October of 2004, we surveyed most of the accretionary complex off Pakistan with R/V Marion Dufresne. We achieved a nearly continuous bathymetric mapping of the prism and the subduction trench from 62°30′E to the triple junction near 62°30′E together with nearly 1000 km of seismic reflection (13 lines) and we took 18 piston cores in different geological settings. One of the main results is that the frontal part of the Makran accretionary prism is less two-dimensional than previously expected. We interpret the along-strike tectonic variation as a consequence of lateral variations in sediment deposition as well as a consequence of the under-thrusting of a series of basement highs and finally of the vicinity to the triple junction.
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https://hal-insu.archives-ouvertes.fr/insu-00403059
Contributor : Pascale Talour <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 9, 2009 - 10:22:18 AM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 3:13:56 AM

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Nadine Ellouz-Zimmermann, Siegfried Lallemant, Raymi Castilla, Nicolas Mouchot, Pascale Leturmy, et al.. Offshore Frontal Part of the Makran Accretionary Prism: The Chamak Survey (Pakistan). Olivier Lacombe ; François Roure ; Jérôme Lavé ; Jaume Vergés. Thrust Belts and Foreland Basins, Springer, pp.351 à 366, 2007, Frontiers in Earth Sciences, ⟨10.1007/978-3-540-69426-7_18⟩. ⟨insu-00403059⟩

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