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Hydraulic modeling of runoff over a rough surface under partial inundation

Abstract : This study presents a numerical method to derive the Darcy-Weisbach friction coefficient for overland flow under partial inundation of surface roughness. To better account for the variable influence of roughness with varying levels of emergence, we model the flow over a network which evolves as the free surface rises. This network is constructed using a height numerical map, based on surface roughness data, and a discrete geometry skeletonization algorithm. By applying a hydraulic model to the flows through this network, local heads, velocities, and Froude and Reynolds numbers over the surface can be estimated. These quantities enable us to analyze the flow and ultimately to derive a bulk friction factor for flow over the entire surface which takes into account local variations in flow quantities. Results demonstrate that although the flow is laminar, head losses are chiefly inertial because of local flow disturbances. The results also emphasize that for conditions of partial inundation, flow resistance varies nonmonotonically but does generally increase with progressive roughness inundation.
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Nicolas Roche, Jean-Francois Daian, D. S. L. Lawrence. Hydraulic modeling of runoff over a rough surface under partial inundation. Water Resources Research, American Geophysical Union, 2007, 43, pp.W08410. ⟨10.1029/2006WR005484⟩. ⟨insu-00391006⟩



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