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Paclobutrazol transport in soil columns

Abstract : Paclobutrazol (PBZ) is a post-emergence plant growth regulator used in agricultural systems with the objective of vegetative control growth, thereby increasing the reproductive capacity of the plant. This growth regulator remains active in the soil for several years being detrimental to subsequent tillage and contamination of groundwater through leaching. The objective of this work was to study the mechanisms involved in the transport and sorption of PBZ in an Ultisol and a Vertisol, both of the San Francisco Valley, Brazil. Column breakthrough experiments were performed with a water tracer (Bromide) and with PBZ at 0.4 e 1.6 cm3.min-1 in the two soils. Hydrodispersive parameters of both soils were obtained by fitting the tracer breakthrough curves (BTC) with the convection-dispersion (CDE) model, whereas the parameters of PBZ reactive transport were obtained with the CDE-2 sorption sites model, through the CXTFIT code. PBZ presents a lower retardation factor in the Vertisol than in the Ultisol. The water flow was found to strongly affect PBZ mass balance, mainly because of sorption/desorption hysteresis, suggesting partial irreversible sorption of the chemical. The two sites model fitted well the tracer and PBZ breakthrough curves. The results showed that PBZ transport is strongly influenced by its interactions with the soil matrix through rate-limited sorption. The determined transport parameters indicate that PBZ applied to the two tropical soils cultivated with Mango presents an important leaching potential and contamination risk of the groundwater of the San Francisco Valley.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 28, 2009 - 9:35:34 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 3:54:29 PM

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Monica Lucia Milfont, Antonio Celso Dantas Antonino, Jean Martins, Andre Maciel Netto, Ester Ribeiro Gouveia, et al.. Paclobutrazol transport in soil columns. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, Sociedade Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 2008, 32 (5), pp.2165 à 2175. ⟨10.1590/S0100-06832008000500037⟩. ⟨insu-00389042⟩

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