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A Radar Simulator for High-Resolution Nonhydrostatic Models

Abstract : A full radar simulator for high-resolution (1–5 km) nonhydrostatic models has been developed within the research nonhydrostatic mesoscale atmospheric (Meso-NH) model. This simulator is made up of building blocks, each of which describes a particular physical process (scattering, beam bending, etc.). For each of these blocks, several formulations have been implemented. For instance, the radar simulator offers the possibility to choose among Rayleigh, Rayleigh–Gans, Mie, or T-matrix scattering methods, and beam bending can be derived from an effective earth radius or can depend on the vertical gradient of the refractive index of air. Moreover, the radar simulator is fully consistent with the microphysical parameterizations used by the atmospheric numerical model. Sensitivity experiments were carried out using different configurations for the simulator. They permitted the specification of an observation operator for assimilation of radar reflectivities by high-resolution nonhydrostatic numerical weather prediction systems, as well as for their validation. A study of the flash flood of 8–9 September 2002 in southeastern France, which was well documented with volumetric data from an S-band radar, serves to illustrate the capabilities of the radar simulator as a validation tool for a mesoscale model.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 9, 2021 - 4:46:46 PM
Last modification on : Monday, July 4, 2022 - 8:53:59 AM
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Olivier Caumont, Véronique Ducrocq, Guy Delrieu, Marielle Gosset, Jean-Pierre Pinty, et al.. A Radar Simulator for High-Resolution Nonhydrostatic Models. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, American Meteorological Society, 2006, 23 (8), pp.1049 à 1067. ⟨10.1175/JTECH1905.1⟩. ⟨insu-00385454⟩



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