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Comparative behavior of Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic systems during fluid-related deformation at middle crust levels

Abstract : We have carried out a comparative Rb­Sr, Sm­Nd and Lu­Hf isotopic study of a progressively deformed hercynian leucogranite from the French Massif Central, belonging to the La Marche ductile shear zone, in order to investigate the respective perturbation of these geochronometers with fluid induced deformation. The one-meter wide outcrop presents a strongly deformed and mylonitized zone at the center, and an asymmetric deformation pattern with a higher deformation gradient on the northern side of the zone. Ten samples have been carefully collected every 10 cm North and South away from the strongest deformed mylonitic zone. They have been analyzed for a complete major, trace element data set, oxygen isotopes, Rb­Sr, Sm­Nd and Lu­Hf isotopic systematics. We show that most of major and trace elements except SiO2, alkaline elements (K2O, Rb), and some metal transition elements (Cu), are progressively depleted with increasing deformation. This depletion includes REE + Y, but also HFS elements (Ti, Hf, Zr, Nb) which are commonly considered as immobile elements during upper level processes. Variations in elemental ratios with deformation, e.g. decrease in LREE/MREE- HREE, Nd/Hf, Th/Sr, increase in Rb/Sr, U/Th and constant Sr/Nd, lead to propose the following order of element mobility: U Th > Sr = Nd Hf + HREE. We conclude in agreement with previous tectonic and metallogenic studies that trace element patterns across the shear zone result from circulation of oxidizing F-rich hydrothermal fluids associated with deformation. A temperature of the fluid of 470­480 C can be deduced from the d18O equilibrium between quartz­muscovite pairs. Elemental fractionation induces perturbation of the Rb­Sr geochronometer. The well-defined 87Rb/86Sr­87Sr/86Sr correlation gives an apparent age of 294 ± 19 Ma, slightly younger than the 323 ± 4 Ma age of leucogranites in this area. This apparent age is interpreted as dating event of intense deformation and fluid circulation associated with mass transfer, and exhumation of the ductile crust shortly after the leucogranite emplacement. Sm­Nd and Lu­Hf isochron-type diagrams do not define any correlation, because of the low fractionated Sm/Nd and Lu/Hf ratios. Isotopic data demonstrate that only the Lu­Hf geochronometer system is not affected by fluid circulation and gives reliable TDM age (1.29 ± 0.03 Ga) and eHf signatures. By contrast, the Sm­Nd geochronometer system gives erroneous old TDM ages of 2.84­4 Ga. There is no positive eNd­eHf correlation, because of decreasing eNd values with deformation at constant eHf values. However, eNd­eHf values remain in the broad eNd­eHf terrestrial array, which strongly indicates that fluid-induced fractionation can contribute to the width of the terrestrial array. The strong eHf negative values of the leucogranite are similar to metasedimentary granulitic xenoliths from the French Massif Central and confirm the generation of the leucogranite by several episodes of reworking of the lower crust.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 6, 2009 - 2:56:12 PM
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Béatrice Luais, Christian Le Carlier, Yves Géraud, François Gauthier-Lafaye. Comparative behavior of Sr, Nd and Hf isotopic systems during fluid-related deformation at middle crust levels. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2009, 73 (10), pp.2961-2977. ⟨10.1016/j.gca.2008.12.026⟩. ⟨insu-00381775⟩



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